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Roma integration in EU countries

Facts and figures on EU's Roma population and integration strategies for improving the living conditions of Roma in EU countries

Who are the Roma?

The Roma are Europe’s largest ethnic minority. Out of an estimated 10-12 million in total in Europe, some 6 million live in the EU, and most of them hold the citizenship of an EU country. Many Roma in the EU are victims of prejudice and social exclusion, despite the fact that EU countries have banned discrimination.

The term Roma encompasses diverse groups, including Roma, Gypsies, Travellers, Manouches, Ashkali, Sinti and Boyash. Roma is the term commonly used in EU policy documents and discussions.

EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020

The EU has long stressed the need for better Roma integration (see the 2010 communication on the economic and social integration of the Roma in Europe).

The European institutions and every EU country have a joint responsibility to improve the living conditions and integration of the Roma. In 2011, the European Commission called for national strategies for Roma integration.

The EU Framework for National Roma integration strategies centres around four key areas: education, employment, healthcare and housing.

Each country produced a Roma strategy that was assessed by the European Commission in 2012: National Roma integration strategies: a first step in the implementation of the EU Framework. In 2013, the European Council agreed on a recommendation on effective Roma integration measures in EU countries.

Annual reports

The Commission produces annual reports (until 2020), using information from each country, as well as from NGOs, international organisations and the EU Fundamental Rights Agency.

The 2018 Communication  is based on the results of an in-depth evaluation of the relevance, effectiveness, coherence, efficiency and the EU added value of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020.

The 2017 midterm review takes stock of the progress since the launch of the EU framework. It also identifies key priorities for Member States to address and ways to strengthen the EU Framework.

The 2016 Communication assesses progress on the EU Framework. It also reviews, for the first time, Roma integration measures put in place in response to the Council recommendation.

The 2015 Communication focuses on structural improvements and recommends aligning (revised) national Roma integration strategies with EU funding instruments.

The 2014 report looks at progress in all key areas.

The 2013 assessment report focused on the structural improvements needed in each country. 

Call for applications-Communities at Risk: Security Infrastructure Program /

The Communities at Risk: Security Infrastructure Program (SIP) call for applications is now open. 


The SIP is part of Public Safety Canada’s National Crime Prevention Strategy (NCPS). This program provides funding for security infrastructure enhancements to eligible not-for-profit organizations such as community centres, provincially and territorially-recognized private educational institutions, and places of worship at risk of being victimized by hate-motivated crime. It funds up to half the cost of security projects—such as lighting, fencing, cameras, and alarm systems—up to a maximum of $100,000.


The deadline to submit an application is January 31st at 11:59 p.m. Pacific Standard Time (PST).

For more information on SIP and to submit an application, please visit:

For more information on the NCPS, please visit:


Register for Webinar: Enhancing Program Success and Sustainability for Women in the Justice System–Targeting System Change Strategies

Hosted by The Council of State Governments Justice Center with funding support from the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance


Date: Thursday, Dec. 13
Time: 2–3:30 p.m. ET




Featuring Becki Ney of the National Resource Center on Justice-Involved Women, this webinar will cover system-level strategies to maximize outcomes for women in the criminal justice system and ensure the sustainability of gender-responsive services. To highlight these strategies in action, representatives from Franklin County, Ohio, will describe gender-responsive system changes that have been made in their jurisdiction. There will be time for questions and answers at the end of the webinar.


  • Becki Ney, Project Director, Principal, National Resource Center on Justice-Involved Women, Center for Effective Public Policy
  • Melissa Pierson, Deputy Director of Justice Services, Office of Justice Policy and Programs, Franklin County, Ohio
  • Geoffrey Stobart, Deputy Chief, Franklin County, Ohio, Sheriff’s Office

New research on literacy campaign, drugs and violence and organised crime

Last week, the Australian Institute of Criminology released eight new publications, which are all available now on the AIC website.

Trends & Issues Papers

For the latest crime and justice facts and figures, visit Crime Statistics Australia.

WHO launches the Global Emergency and Trauma Care Initiative

8 December 2018 | GENEVA/DAVOS:  Today with the generous support of the Davos-based AO Foundation, WHO launches the Global Emergency and Trauma Care Initiative. Around the world acutely ill and injured people die every day due to a lack of timely emergency care. Among them are children and adults with injuries and infections, heart attacks and strokes, asthma and acute complications of pregnancy. Many countries have no emergency access telephone number to call for an ambulance or no trained ambulance staff. Many hospitals lack dedicated emergency units and have few providers trained in the recognition and management of emergency conditions. These gaps result in millions of avoidable deaths every year. 


"No one should die for the lack of access to emergency care, an essential part of universal health coverage," said WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. "We have simple, affordable and proven interventions that save lives. This initiative will ensure that millions of people around the world have access to the timely, life-saving care they deserve."


The goal of the WHO Global Emergency and Trauma Care Initiative is to save millions of lives over the next five years through improvements to emergency care systems. Its aims are two-fold: to rapidly increase capacities to provide quality emergency care in countries around the world, and to foster awareness through a global advocacy campaign about its potential to save lives.  


In an initial phase WHO and partners will support 10 low- and middle-income countries to assess their national emergency care systems, identify any shortcomings and implement proven interventions to address these gaps. Activities at the national level include: development of national plans and key policies, such as laws addressing the role of bystanders and access to care without regard to ability to pay; and implementation of WHO standards addressing the way emergency care systems are organized and resourced. 


WHO and partners will also facilitate low-cost improvements in the way that emergency care is delivered. These include implementing triage and WHO checklists that ensure a systematic approach to the care of every patient. In addition frontline providers will be trained through  WHO-ICRC Basic Emergency Care and other courses. The initiative will support systematic data collection on acutely ill and injured people and how their conditions are managed, including via the WHO International Registry for Trauma and Emergency Care.


The launch of this initiative is made possible through a CHF 10 million grant from the AO Foundation, which promotes excellence in patient care through a network of thousands of practitioners in 100 countries. It is one of a number of partners poised to contribute to the WHO Global Emergency and Trauma Care Initiative, including others in the WHO Global Alliance for Care of the Injured. This work executes the mandate established by World Health Assembly resolution WHA 60.22 on emergency-care systems.


Related links


WHO Global Emergency and Trauma Care Initiative


WHO Trauma Care Checklist 


WHO-ICRC Basic Emergency Care (BEC): Approach to the acutely ill and injured 


WHO International Registry for Emergency and Trauma Care 


WHO Global Alliance for Care of the Injured


World Health Assembly Resolution WHA 60.22

EUCPN Newsflash ECPA 2018

On 6 December 2018, this year’s European Crime Prevention Award (ECPA) was

awarded during the Best Practice Conference (BPC) in Vienna, Austria. It was

again a great success since 20 countries participated with their best national crime

prevention projects, focusing on the theme ‘Community Policing’. The winner

received a check of 10 000 euro, while two other projects were also awarded with

an honourable mention and a check of 5 000 euro each.

Finland - Winner ECPA 2018

The Forssa approach: mediation of polarisation and inter-group





Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism - Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU



This report outlines the main findings of FRA’s second survey on Jewish people’s experiences with hate crime, discrimination and antisemitism in the European Union – the biggest survey of Jewish people ever conducted worldwide. Covering 12 EU Member States, the survey reached almost 16,500 individuals who identify as being Jewish. It follows up on the agency’s first survey, conducted in seven countries in 2012.



Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism/Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU

[pdf]en (1.82 MB)

Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism - Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU - Questionnaire

[pdf]en (417.71 KB)

The findings make for a sobering read. They underscore that antisemitism remains pervasive across the EU – and has, in many ways, become disturbingly normalised. The important information provided herein can support policymakers across the EU in stepping up their efforts to ensure the safety and dignity of all Jewish people living in the EU.

Related Content: 


Persistent antisemitism hangs over EU

Press Release



Antisemitism - Overview of data available in the European Union 2007–2017



Racism & related intolerances


Hate crime



Launching FRA’s second antisemitism survey


See also: 


The fraud and counterfeiting of non-cash means of payment pose a serious threat to the EU’s security - they

provide income for organised crime and enable other criminal activities such as terrorism, drug trafficking and

trafficking in human beings. In addition, non-cash payment fraud affects the trust of consumers in the security

of the digital single market, reduces economic online activity and causes important economic losses. To boost

Member States’ capacity to prosecute and sanction cyber criminals committing non-cash payment fraud, the

Commission is proposing a new Directive to combat the fraud and counterfeiting of non-cash means of payment.



December 2018





Well-structured and globally active

organised crime groups dominate the

rising market of payment card fraud

in the EU.

Non-cash payment fraud can take different

forms. Criminals can trigger the execution of

payments by using payer information obtained

through, for example, phishing, skimming or

obtaining information on dedicated websites

selling stolen credit card credentials on the


Payments can also be fraudulently executed

through counterfeit or stolen cards used to pay

in stores or withdraw cash in ATMs or through

the hacking of information systems to process

payments. Existing data for card fraud shows

that 77% is committed without the presence of

the card, by using stolen card credentials.

36 BILLION phishing messages sent

every year

€1.8 BILLION gained by criminals per year

$1 BILLION lost by airlines per year

€1 BILLION fraud in online shopping

Latest AIC publications are now available

New research on information sharing, organised crime and drug use

Last week, the Australian Institute of Criminology released eight new publications, which are all available now on the AIC website.

Trends & Issues Papers

Statistical Bulletins 

For the latest crime and justice facts and figures, visit Crime Statistics Australia.


Criminal Justice Platform Europe. INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE SUMMER COURSE 2019. Criminal justice in a polarised society

Workshops | Seminars | Field Visits

with experts from across Europe

Training | Presentations | Discussions

to examine key practice issues ٠ inspire new thinking ٠

promote cross-fertilization ٠ build new networks

For participants with a background in

Prison | Probation | Restorative Justice

Expert practitioners ٠ subject specialists ٠ project development leaders ٠

practice managers ٠ trainers ٠ academic practice teachers ٠ researchers


Registrations will open in February 2019.

More info

CJPE’s development manager

Clara Casado

For updates please visit the websites of Europris, EFRJ or CEP:

Country factsheet on prison sentence execution

To enable prisoners, staff and Competent Authorities to access information about prisons in the executing state and support informed consent for transfer, EuroPris have created a resource of information sheets about prison conditions.

Through the expert group on Framework Decision 909, we have asked Member States to provide clear information about prison conditions and an overview of topics such as induction procedures, family visiting and early release arrangements.

The information included below has been provided by Member States. Countries are responsible for the information provided on these pages. We will encourage more Member States to submit the prisoner information sheets in the national language and English and update this page in due course.

Country Country factsheet 
AT (Austria) AT           EN
BE (Belgium) EN
BG (Bulgaria) Awaiting
CZ (Czech Republic) CZ           EN
CY (Cyprus) EN
DE (Germany) Awaiting
DK (Denmark) DK         EN
EE (Estonia) Awaiting
EL (Greece) EL          EN
ES (Spain) ES          EN
FI (Finland) EN         SE         FI
FR (France) Available in 10 languages
HR (Croatia) EN         HR
HU (Hungary) HU         EN
IE (Ireland) Awaiting
IT (Italy) IT & EN
LT (Lithuania) LT          EN
LU (Luxembourg) Awaiting
LV (Latvia) EN
MT (Malta) MT         EN
NL (Netherlands) NL          EN
PL (Poland) PL          EN
PT (Portugal) Awaiting
RO (Romania) RO        EN
SE (Sweden) EN
SI (Slovenia) Awaiting
SK (Slovakia) SK & EN
UK  (United Kingdom) EN


TELL YOUR STORY: Appeal, variety and accessibility of storytelling approach


Tell Your Story project was designed to explore the use of digital storytelling and storymapping in education in order to contrast early school leaving.


What has been done so far?


Tell Your Story


Teachers, educators and youth workers benefited from an innovative method for working with young people at risk, participating at the final event of the project.


A dissemination event has been held in each partner country, the results of the project have been presented to an audience of all sectors cover by the project: teacher, educator, youth workers and decision-makers. The project is embedded in the larger context of VET/ School and non-formal education and training responses to the issue of early school leavers.


Storytelling can be used as a didactical approach in education. Its main strengths are in their appeal, variety and accessibility. Stories are also engaging and easy to remember. Storytelling helps to share experiences, explain events and phenomena and transfer knowledge.


Tell Your Story at school


The Publication - Preventing early drop-out through digital stories and maps has been shared with all participants. It is composed of three sections as below:

  • Introduction to the project and its approach.
  • Presentation of highlights of the implementation of the learning activities.
  • Guidelines for teachers, educators, youth workers: how Story Maps can be used in the classroom.


It is free, available in English, French, German, Italian, Slovenian, downloadable online at the following link:



Preventing early school leaving through digital stories and maps


Check out Preventing early drop-out through digital stories and maps



Stay tuned to know the date of the event in your country! 


The most successful pedagogical approaches for the reintegration of early school leavers in education are flexible, inclusive and participatory, tailored to the needs of young people, aimed at the development of their careers, and include a variety of possible approaches, such as mentoring or individual learning plan.



Looking back on the first CEP International Conference on Sex Offender Management

On the 22nd and 23rd of November 2018, delegates from all over the world gathered in Riga for the first CEP International Conference on Sex Offender Management. It was a very successful first edition. A lot of knowledge sharing and networking was done by the participants during these two days. The conference was organised in close cooperation with the Latvian State Probation and Prison Service.

Before the start of the programme on the second day of the conference, a special event took place: the official launch of the Circles Europe Association. Riana Taylor, Audrey Alards, Mechtild Höing and Ann Castrel explained to the participants why they set up the organisation, what their main goals are and finished with inviting them to make a donation and become a member of Circles Europe.

Presentations are available on the CEP website!