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POWER OF COEXISTENCE: Turn it on! Bridge, Cooperate, Overcome

UNITED would like to invite you save the date for the first conference of 2018, “Power of Coexistence – TURN IT ON! Bridge, Cooperate and Overcome” that will be held from the 3rd to the 8th of May 2018.

The conference will focus on coexistence, not only as a general value of understanding and peaceful living within a community, but as a practical strategy that can help facing the current challenges of Europe on many different levels.

Coexistence can in fact represent a key factor in planning the building of more diverse and tolerant societies.

The European Union has recently celebrated its 60th anniversary, stressing once again the need to face together the current challenges, having in mind the values of peaceful cooperation, respect of human dignity, liberty, democracy, equality and solidarity among European nations and peoples.

Nonetheless, the perception of unity that the public opinion connects to Europe is often referring to its role as a technocrat power, ruling on people according only to economic interests; the union of people and cultures has gradually been substituted by the union of banks and industries. This has led to a general feeling of distrust and frustration towards national and European institutions: if there is something that connects directly the European people among themselves it’s probably the rise of nationalism, populism and xenophobia because of this situation.

All these factors contribute to the weakening of the idea of a united Europe itself and of its values, in a moment in which they are mostly needed in the face of the new and serious challenges we are dealing with.

We should rely on the strengths of this continent instead if we want to promote a shared vision and the creation of a peaceful and common future. To do so it’s necessary to connect again the individuals to this vision and to empower them through a common strategy that will unify them in diversity, putting the value of coexistence at its core. Coexistence can in fact help us to bridge through our differences, to make us cooperate among ourselves so that together we can overcome these challenges by turning on our common power.

Necessary steps to achieve this would be the introduction to topics and concepts such as those of cultures, identities, interculturalism, cross-culturalism and the process of acculturation, which will serve as pillars for this process.

For this reason, UNITED has decided to invite activists from all over Europe who work on the field and to work together to build the basis for this strategy and to share the vision of peaceful coexistence as a possible and concrete achievement.

What can you expect?

Since coexistence is a broad topic and can involve several aspects of life, UNITED has decided to make the working and understanding easier, so to facilitate the learning and the communicating process. For this reason, the conference will include:

• Panel discussions with experts that will help clarify what coexistence means.

• Successful examples and good practices of coexistence.

• Focal working groups on Communication, Campaign, Advocacy, Education and Community Building as basis for a coexistence strategy.

• Practical workshops on how to raise funds for a strategy.

• Chance for networking and initiating joint actions to pave the way for future cooperation.

During the whole conference the participants will be exposed to different methodologies of work to maximise the synergy between the different skills and expertise that will be present.

Why Harm Reduction Is Crucial to the Fight Against HIV

Earlier this fall, an international team of researchers sounded a grim warning about the state of the global HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs. In two long-awaited research papers published in the Lancet, they laid out the evidence that not only is the scale of this epidemic worse than expected, but that most countries are failing to provide the basic harm reduction interventions, like needle and syringe exchange programs and opioid substitution therapy, that are crucial to halting its spread. In light of this evidence, world leaders and global agencies charged with leading the HIV response need to recognize that they can’t continue with business as usual. It’s time for them to call on governments to rethink their approach to drug policy and invest in harm reduction

UN chief issues 'red alert,' urges world to come together in 2018 to tackle pressing challenges

Secretary-General António Guterres (left) meets people living in a camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) known as "Site du Petit Seminaire St. Pierre Claver", in the town of Bangassou. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe 340 Share Print

31 December 2017 – In his message on the New Year, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres is calling for unity among the global community to tackle overwhelming challenges and defend values shared by all.

“On New Year's Day 2018, I am not issuing an appeal. I am issuing an alert – a red alert for our world,” said the Secretary-General.

“As we begin 2018, I call for unity. […] We can settle conflicts, overcome hatred and defend shared values. But we can only do that together,” he expressed.

Recalling that last year he urged that 2017 be a year for peace, the UN chief noted that unfortunately – in fundamental ways, the world went in reverse.

Perils, including deepening conflicts and new dangers emerged, and global concerns over nuclear weapons reached the highest since the Cold War, he added.

At the same time, impacts of climate change worsened at an alarming rate, inequalities grew and there were horrific violations of human rights.

“Nationalism and xenophobia are on the rise,” said Mr. Guterres.

Underscoring his belief that the world can be made more safe and secure, conflicts can be settled, hatred can be overcome and shared values defended, he emphasized that unity is indispensable to achieving these goals.

“Unity is the path. Our future depends on it,” said the Secretary-General, urging leaders everywhere to resolve in the New Year to: “Narrow the gaps. Bridge the divides. Rebuild trust by bringing people together around common goals.”

The Fringe Insurgency: Connectivity, Convergence and Mainstreaming of the Extreme Right

The Institute for Strategic Dialogue published a report mapping the ecosystem of the burgeoning ‘new’ extreme right across Europe and the US, which is characterised by its international outlook, technological sophistication, and overtures to groups outside of the traditional recruitment pool for the extreme-right. This movement is marked by its opportunistic pragmatism, seeing movements, which hold seemingly contradictory ideologies share a bed for the sake of achieving common goals. It examines points of connectivity and collaboration between disparate groups and assesses the interplay between different extreme-right movements, key influencers, and subcultures both online and offline.

Event: Intoxication, Addiction and the Criminal Law

The Sussex Crime Research Centre (CRC) and the Sussex Addiction Research and Intervention Centre (SARIC) host a conference on Intoxication, Addiction and the Criminal Law on 13th of January 2018 at the University of Sussex. The conference brings together international experts from across law, philosophy, and neuroscience to discuss intoxicated and/or addicted offenders. It is aimed to investigate the impact of intoxication on the brain of a defendant, and how this links with increased criminal behaviour. The legal response to intoxicated offenders who lack ‘mental fault’ due to their state of intoxication will be analyzed. The conference also launches a research project into the design of a new ‘prior fault offence’.

Teams from All 50 States Met to Discuss Critical Issues in Public Safety

The CSG Justice Center, in partnership with the Association of State Correctional Administrators, hosted an unprecedented convening of groups from all 50 states—each led by their corrections administrator and comprised of lawmakers, law enforcement officials, and behavioral health professionals—to analyze and discuss local trends in public safety. Attendees—which included 35 behavioral health directors, 15 police chiefs, 12 sheriffs, and 41 state legislators—also received state-specific workbooks that highlighted data collected by CSG Justice Center staff in interviews with criminal justice professionals in each state. Those workbooks included trends in crime, arrests, recidivism, correctional populations, and behavioral health.

Preventing Discriminatory Violence at the Local Level

Discriminatory violence is widespread in Europe and poses a real threat to public safety, social cohesion and integration. In order to counteract this phenomenon, approaches at the local level are needed, such as awareness rising, education and empowerment and crime prevention, victim assistance and cross-agency cooperation. Because of their close relationship with citizens, local and regional authorities can play an important role in preventing these acts and raising awareness in civil society. The publication introduces to the concept of discriminatory violence, gives 50 promising examples from across Europe, and provides recommendations to local and regional stakeholders on how prevention work against hatred, intolerance and prejudice can be successfully implemented. The publication was elaborated by the European Forum on Urban Security (Efus) in the frame of the EU financed Just & Safer Cities for all project. The Just & Safer Cities for All project aimed to mobilise local elected officials and to increase knowledge amongst decision-makers and practitioners about the measures that can be taken at a local level to counter acts of discriminatory violence.

Increasing public safety and preventing reoffending in Indonesia through prison-based work programmes

s the guardian of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisonners (the Nelson Mandela Rules), UNODC is working with authorities across the world to establish a more rehabilitative approach to prison management. A national workshop on enhancing prison-based work programmes in Indonesia was jointly held by UNODC and the country's Directorate-General of Corrections.

West Africa: UNODC promotes regional cooperation in human trafficking and migrant smuggling cases

With a view to addressing human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants in the region, UNODC hosted a workshop promoting regional cooperation for members of the West African Network of Central Authorities and Prosecutors against Organised Crime (WACAP). Held in Vienna, the two-day event brought together over 20 participants from eight West African countries: Mali, Niger, C�te d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, the Gambia, Nigeria and Senegal.

UNODC, Kenya hold inter-regional conference to counter the world drug problem

UNODC and the Government of Kenya welcomed officials from Africa, Latin America and West Asia in Nairobi to review challenges and share lessons learned in countering the world drug problem. Organized in support of UNODC's Regional Programme for Promoting the Rule of Law and Human Security in Eastern Africa (2016-2021), the inter-regional conference provided a platform for those affected by the trafficking and use of illicit drugs. [Read more] UNODC launches manual on investigation and prosecution of foreign terrorist fighters Foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) continue to pose a threat to the international community. Acknowledging that coordination across borders is key to identify the most appropriate criminal justice responses, UNODC's Terrorism Prevention Branch developed a new training manual entitled, "Foreign Terrorist Fighters: Manual for Judicial Training Institutes, South-Eastern Europe". [Read more] UNODC launches publication to help Member States counter opioid crisis Recent years have seen a sharp global rise in opioid overdose deaths. To assist Member States in addressing this challenge, UNODC's Laboratory and Forensic Services Programme published a manual for forensic laboratories, entitled "Recommended Methods for the Identification and Analysis of Fentanyl and its Analogues in Biological Specimens". [Read more]

UNODC launches manual on investigation and prosecution of foreign terrorist fighters

Foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) continue to pose a threat to the international community. Acknowledging that coordination across borders is key to identify the most appropriate criminal justice responses, UNODC's Terrorism Prevention Branch developed a new training manual entitled, "Foreign Terrorist Fighters: Manual for Judicial Training Institutes, South-Eastern Europe".

Reuters: Shock Tactics | Part 6: Inmate deaths reveal “torturous” use of Tasers

Part 6: Reuters documents 104 prisoner fatalities after corrections officers deployed Tasers, often with other force. Most inmates were unarmed, and many were handcuffed or pinned to the ground. Some abuses, experts say, are akin to torture. By PETER EISLER, JASON SZEP and CHARLES LEVINSON Filed Dec. 6, 2017, 12:15 p.m. GMT

Official Statistics on football-related arrests and banning orders issued in the 2016 to 2017 season.

Published 23 November 2017 From: Home Office This release presents statistics on football-related arrests and banning orders in connection with regulated international and domestic football matches. The statistics in this release are based on information provided by the United Kingdom Football Policing Unit (UKFPU). The statistics on football-related arrests were submitted by all 43 police forces in England and Wales and BTP whilst information on banning orders was taken from the Football Banning Order Authority’s (part of UKFPU) records. The Home Office statistician responsible for the statistics in this release is David Blunt, Chief Statistician and Head of Profession for Statistics.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine: A Number of Proactive Policing Practices Are Successful at Reducing Crime; Insufficient

Nov. 9, 2017 WASHINGTON – A number of strategies used by the police to proactively prevent crimes have proved to be successful at crime reduction, at least in the short term, and most strategies do not harm communities’ attitudes toward police, finds a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. However, the committee that conducted the study and wrote the report said there is insufficient evidence to draw strong conclusions on the potential role of racial bias in the use of proactive policing strategies.

Campus Sexual Assault: A Systematic Review of Prevalence Research From 2000 to 2015

Menus SAGE Journals Profilelogged-in Search SAGE Journals Browse Resources My Tools Advanced Sign in: My Account Institution Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 3.542 Impact Factor more » Home Browse Submit Paper About Subscribe Campus Sexual Assault: A Systematic Review of Prevalence Research From 2000 to 2015 Lisa Fedina, Jennifer Lynne Holmes, Bethany L. Backes First Published February 22, 2016 Review Article Abstract Sexual assault is a pervasive problem on university and college campuses in the United States that has garnered growing national attention, particularly in the past year. This is the first study to systematically review and synthesize prevalence findings from studies on campus sexual assault (CSA) published since 2000 (n = 34). The range of prevalence findings for specific forms of sexual victimization on college campuses (i.e., forcible rape, unwanted sexual contact, incapacitated rape, sexual coercion, and studies’ broad definitions of CSA/rape) is provided, and methodological strengths and limitations in the empirical body of research on CSA are discussed. Prevalence findings, research design, methodology, sampling techniques, and measures, including the forms of sexual victimization measured, are presented and evaluated across studies. Findings suggest that unwanted sexual contact appears to be most prevalent on college campuses, including sexual coercion, followed by incapacitated rape, and completed or attempted forcible rape. Additionally, several studies measured broad constructs of sexual assault that typically include combined forms of college-based sexual victimization (i.e., forcible completed or attempted rape, unwanted sexual contact, and/or sexual coercion). Extensive variability exists within findings for each type of sexual victimization measured, including those that broadly measure sexual assault, which is largely explained by differences in sampling strategies and overall study designs as well as measures of sexual assault used in studies. Implications for findings and recommendations for future research on the prevalence of college-based sexual victimization are provided.

Save The Date: The Stockholm Criminology Symposium June 12–14, 2018

The next Stockholm Criminology Symposium will take place June 12–14, 2018. The main theme will be Models for successful policing. Last day to register for the 2018 symposium is May 11.

Forgotten and Left Behind: Shifting Narratives and Exploring Policy Solutions for Vulnerable Youth and Young Adults

December 7, 2017 CLASPThis report from the Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) provides key insights and next steps from CLASP’s 2017 convening, which addressed the need for a multi-generational, multi-racial, youth-centered dialogue around policy change. Participants recognized that young people should drive the agenda for a stronger, healthier, more just, and more equitable future. The convening engaged 36 participants—including young leaders, researchers, funders, advocates, federal and state decision makers, and program practitioners—to explore relevant data and research; interrogate myths and incomplete narratives about young people; and discuss policy implications and systemic solutions for advancing youth well-being and economic mobility.

Fighting Poverty and Social Exclusion in Europe:Promoting an Equal, Open and Inclusive Society

Thon Hotel Brussels City Centre, Brussels, Wednesday 9th May 2018 In the context of growing consumption and expanding economy, poverty, accompanied by social division, is an important problem in our societies. It is estimated that the 8 richest men of the planet own the same wealth as a half of the world population (Oxfam). Moreover, according to Eurostat, one out of four European is exposed to the risk of poverty. A very alarming fact is that 26.4% of children are in the situation of precarity. Under these circumstances, the European Union’s objective to lift 20 million people out of poverty by 2020 seems crucial. The issues of poverty and social inclusion were addressed in November 2017 by the EU Heads of State during a Social Summit, the first of its kind in 20 years. While this long break shows a lack of engagement to address these topics at the very top level, the meeting sent a positive signal, since it also saw the official proclamation of the European Pillar of Social Rights, aiming to ensure more equality and better protection of EU citizens' social rights. Other important initiatives such as the OMC (Open Method of Coordination for social protection), the European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion, the Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived, European Social Fund, the Employment and Social Innovation programme and Social Investment Package are also contributing to the goals of Europe 2020 Strategy. The priority of this Strategy is to reduce poverty by 25%. In parallel, the Commission currently has 16 active partnership agreements with non-governmental organisations, supporting them with operating grants to pursue relevant projects. National divisions hinder the efforts at the European level. Political actors still do not have a common agreement on the definitions and criteria of poverty. The fight against poverty is a national competence, as poverty itself results from the interaction of policies in different sectors, such as employment, taxation system and education. Finding the right balance between the partners and their competences, collecting all the necessary data and establishing common guidelines seems to be key to advance on the European level. Ensuring that all social groups are included and that the potential of both businesses and public institutions is fully employed to fight the diverse faces of poverty remains an important task for national leaders. This timely symposium will review policy actions taken against poverty in the EU. Delegates will have an opportunity to analyse the first developments of the European Pillar of Social Rights and reflect on everyone’s role in contributing in it and other similar initiatives. Participants will hold debates over the definition of poverty, assess possible solutions to boost social inclusion and share best practice from local initiatives. Delegates Will: • Examine the European legislation and initiatives aiming to fight poverty • Assess good practice and review lessons learned from local initiatives • Reflect on the challenges of social inclusion and consider possible solutions on different levels • Discuss the role of the public and private sector in the fight against poverty • Analyse the pros and cons of minimum wages • Gain insights into national and local policies to improve the quality of life • Learn about Social Business benefits and opportunities • Identify the vulnerable groups exposed to the risks of poverty and the ways to support them • Debate the best ways of cooperation between international social stakeholders

Registration reminder 11th Electronic Monitoring Conference

The 11th edition of the European Electronic Monitoring Conference ‘Blurring boundaries: making and breaking connections’ is jointly organised with the Probation Service in the Republic of Croatia. The conference will take place in Zagreb, Croatia from the 16th of April until the 18th of April 2018. Over the years the CEP Electronic Monitoring Conference has become known as the platform for being updated on the newest technical developments in EM, to hear the latest experiences with EM from the different probation services, and to exchange ideas on the topic.

The Stockholm Criminology Symposium

The next Stockholm Criminology Symposium takes place June 12–14, 2018. The main theme will be Models for successful policing. Call for Papers - deadline February 28

8th Annual International Symposium on Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling

Thon Hotel Brussels City Centre, Brussels Tuesday 17th April 2018 The trafficking in human beings has, over the last decade, increased significantly. According to the International Labour Organisation, in 2012 there were 20.9 million people were victims of forced labour and sexual exploitation in the world. In the period 2013-14 EU countries reported 15,846 victims of human trafficking, 76% of which were women and girls according to a European Commission report. It is estimated that two out of three registered victims (67%) were trafficked for sexual exploitation, 21% for other types of forced labour and 12% for other types of exploitation. The EU Directive 2011/36 and the EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings (2012-2016) have, in recent years, served as guidance for the implementation of effective means of preventing trafficking, protecting victims and prosecuting traffickers. In December 2017, the European Commission issued a communication through which it encouraged stepping up the efforts to set out a comprehensive strategy for EU actions aimed at eradicating human trafficking. A set of targeted actions have been identified to that end, in three priority areas: disrupting the traffickers’ business model and untangling the trafficking chain, providing better access to appropriate care and realising the rights for victims and intensifying a coordinated and consolidated response, both within and outside the EU. With the recent migratory, economic and security challenges, the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings continues to represent an issue which requires a coherent and coordinated response to address its effect upon individuals, society and the economy. According to the Modern Slavery Index 2017, an annual study by Verisk Maplecroft, over the last year modern slavery risks have risen in almost three quarters of the European Union, as 20 countries recorded a drop in their scores. The research highlighted Greece, Italy, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria as the five countries posing the highest risk in the EU, all of which are key entry points for migrants who are particularly vulnerable to exploitation. In light of the new commitment of the European Union to adopt new targeted actions to combat the growing challenge of human trafficking, this timely international symposium provides an invaluable opportunity to discuss and analyse effective mechanisms to prevent, address and strengthen multi-agency response. Delegates will have the chance to share best practice and discuss ways to protect the victims of human trafficking. Public Policy Exchange welcomes the participation of all key partners, responsible authorities and stakeholders. Delegates will: • Explore how to build effective multi-agency cooperation to ensure the conviction of perpetrators • Consider ways to safeguard victims by strengthening victim support • Take part in interactive discussions with key stakeholders and share best practice in the protection of trafficking victims • Examine how to better identify, protect and support victims of sexual exploitation through the delivery a person-centred safeguarding system • Share ideas on and transfer current knowledge of available training and education for frontline staff to ensure that they are qualified to identify and assess victims of trafficking • Evaluate the importance of partnership working and discuss how best to implement effective multi-sector collaboration

Tell Your Story

Tell Your Story aims at exploring the use of digital storytelling and story mapping in education to combat early school leaving. What has been done so far? From 18th to 22nd September 2017 the Tell Your Story training course took place in Palermo, at CESIE. The project involved 18 NEETs from 16 to 25 years old – young people who are not in education, employment, or training – and 1 trainer per partner organisations coming from 6 different countries: France, Austria, Italy, Slovenia, UK and Belgium. The youngsters, selected for their common early school leaving experience, had the opportunity to spend 5 intensive days sharing their stories through several tools. They have been able to deepen what storytelling means and which are the ways to tell a story, focusing then on digital storytelling. Here they explored the ArcGIS platform, a tool provided by EUROGEO – European Association of Geographers to create personalised maps. Connecting with their own emotional past experience, participants revisited their personal life’s moments and selected some memories to integrate in their personal storytelling. The content has been thus transformed in a creative shape within ArcGIS platform and shared with the rest of the group on the last day. The laboratory achieved very positive results among the participants: it clearly gave many young people the opportunity to compare life experiences different from theirs, to tell and share with others their own personal stories and to gain new digital tools to do it.

Report: Review of Evidence-Based Registries Relevant to Crime Prevention

This report reviews American evidence-based registries relevant to crime prevention to assist in the development of a Canadian-specific system for rating the level of programs’ effectiveness, as part of efforts to promote an evidence-based crime prevention agenda. Background As part of efforts to promote an evidence-based crime prevention agenda, Public Safety Canada is exploring the feasibility of developing a Canadian specific system for rating the efficacy of programs which considers the variety of evaluation methods and designs. To assist Public Safety Canada in this work, WestEd's Justice & Prevention Research Center ( conducted a review of four prominent and internationally recognized evidence-based registries in the U.S.: 1) University of Colorado's Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development; 2) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (SAMHSA NREPP); 3) the Office of Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention's Model Programs Guide (OJJDP MPG), and 4) the U.S. Department of Justice's Method This report is a review of the four selected registries that includes the collection of key information retrieved from the website of each registry and the relevant criteria used to rate studies. The guiding questions of the review included information about: what agency funded the registry; the types of evaluation designs used to rate program effectiveness; if the development of the registry considered including qualitative/ non-experimental/ mixed-methods studies; and how potentially eligible evaluations are identified. The review also included information about other eligibility criteria that evaluation studies need to meet to be included in the registry; if a coding instrument is used to extract information from each evaluation study; what the system is for rating evidence; how effective programs are identified; if a program scoring instrument is used; and who conducts the reviews of evidence. To supplement the information gathered from registries' websites, a telephone interview was conducted with a key person involved in the development of each registry. The designs and methods of each of the registries were examined, compared to the other registries, and summarized in the full research report

Journey To Extremism In Africa:Drivers, incentives and the tipping point for recruitment

The Journey to Extremism in Africa: Drivers, Incentives and the Tipping Point for Recruitment presents the results of a two-year UNDP Africa study aimed to generate improved understanding about the incentives and drivers of violent extremism, as expressed by recruits to the continent’s deadliest groups themselves. #JourneyToExtremism © Copyright 2017 UNDP

UNODC: Global eLearning Programme.

UNODC has developed numerous training courses and e-learning modules available through the UNODC Global eLearning Programme. In addition, the UNODC Counter-Terrorism Learning Platform is an interactive tool specifically designed to assist criminal justice officers with enhancing their capacities in the fight against terrorism.

Prison Practice: Expert Group Family Relations: Good Practice Collection (2017)

September 2017 – The Family Relations Expert Group has drafted the Good Practice Collection in cooperation with Children of Prisoners Europe (COPE). The Collection comprises chapters on visiting facilities, community involvement, communication, intervention programmes and staff training.

2nd International Criminal Justice Summer Course, Barcelona

The Criminal Justice Platform Europe (CJPE) is organising the second edition of the International Criminal Justice Summer Course in Barcelona from the 3rd until the 6th of July 2018 in the Centre for Legal Studies and Specialised Training, C/ Ausiàs Marc 40, Barcelona . The aim of the Summer Course is to examine key practice issues, inspire new thinking, promote cross-fertilisation and build new networks to improve services and practice in prison, probation and restorative justice. This years theme will be radicalisation and violent extremism. The summer courses exist of a combination of workshops, plenary sessions and field visits. Each workshop will focus on understanding and responding to radicalisation. Methods will include training, presentations and discussions among the participants.

11th Electronic Monitoring Conference Zagreb, Croatia

the 11th edition of the European Electronic Monitoring Conference ‘Blurring boundaries: making and breaking connections’ which will be jointly organised with the Probation Service in the Republic of Croatia. The conference will take place in Zagreb, Croatia from the 16th of April until the 18th of April 2018. Electronic monitoring (EM) has matured into a commonplace penal tool used widely across Europe and beyond. Its applications appear to be limitless and its purposes diverse. As a result, it is being viewed increasingly as a panacea for a range of societal challenges within and beyond criminal justice leading to numerous uses including in the areas of mental health, domestic violence; terrorism and immigration and diverse target groups including mental health patients, children and young people, victims of domestic violence as well as offenders. The expansion of existing and potential target areas and groups and the goals and purposes of EM has contributed to blurring of the normative and operational boundaries within which EM is used. EM is challenging traditional boundaries including those between: •Punishment, control, public safety and rehabilitation; •Legal systems (criminal and civil); •Private and public sectors; •State agencies (police, probation and prisons); •Institutions (prisons and secure mental health facilities) and public and domestic spaces; •Pre- and post-conviction stages of the criminal justice process. It is also fragmenting long-standing distinctions between the roles of statutory (police and probation) and private workers (monitoring officers); offenders and victims; and, authorities and significant others. As technologies advance and become more integrated boundaries between what is necessary and mandated oversight by criminal justice agencies and unwarranted interference in private life is increasingly difficult to distinguish. At the same time, EM is creating new challenges and opportunities. For example, it leads to questions about whether, and in what ways, EM replaces, develops and/or improves the traditional roles of probation services; the extent to which the police and families are and/or should be involved in ‘supervising’ offenders; and the most effective and efficient ways of providing supervision and support for monitored individuals. It also creates opportunities to join up different areas of public and social policy and to act as a catalyst for meaningful multi-agency and multi-sector working thereby enabling a more holistic view of monitored individuals to be taken. The use of EM may also facilitate both the punitive and rehabilitative goals via its habit-breaking and habit-making potential but this depends on its SMART deployment.

WHO: INSPIRE: Seven strategies for Ending Violence Against Children

Globally, hundreds of millions of children — up to one billion — have experienced physical, sexual or psychological violence in the past year. INSPIRE: seven strategies for ending violence against children identifies a select group of strategies that have shown success in reducing violence against children. They are: implementation and enforcement of laws; norms and values; safe environments; parent and caregiver support; income and economic strengthening; response and support services; and education and life skills. INSPIRE is WHO’s main contribution to the newly established Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children.

Human smugglers operate as ‘independent traders’, study finds

University Of Cambridge Research Bulletin Friday 26 January 2018 First study to model the organisation behind trade in illegal border crossings shows no “Mafia-like” monopoly of routes from Africa into Europe via Mediterranean. Instead, myriad independent smugglers compete in open markets that have emerged at every stage of the journey. This is a far cry from how Mafia-like organisations operate — Paolo Campana Latest research shows a lack of overarching coordination or the involvement of any “kingpin”-style monopolies in the criminal operations illegally transporting people from the Horn of Africa into Northern Europe via Libya. Instead, transnational smuggling routes were found to be highly segmented: each stage a competitive marketplace of “independent and autonomous” smugglers – as well as militias and kidnappers – that must be negotiated by migrants fighting for a life beyond the Mediterranean Sea. The first “network analysis” of this booming criminal enterprise suggests that successful smugglers need a reputation among migrants – and that removing any individual smuggler will only result in rivals immediately seizing their “market share”.

An individually randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of the Women for Women International Programme in reducing intimate partner

Andrew GibbsEmail authorView ORCID ID profile, Julienne Corboz, Mohammed Shafiq, Frozan Marofi, Anna Mecagni, Carron Mann, Fazal Karim, Esnat Chirwa, Charlotte Maxwell-Jones and Rachel Jewkes

BMC Public HealthBMC series – open, inclusive and trusted201818:164

© The Author(s). 2018



Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common form of violence in conflict and post-conflict settings, but there are few evaluations of interventions to prevent IPV in such settings. Methods The Women for Women International (WfWI) intervention is a year-long combined economic and social empowerment intervention for marginalized women survivors of conflict. Primarily, it seeks to support women to achieve four key outcomes: women earn and save money; women improve their health and well-being; women influence decisions in their homes and communities; women connect to networks for support. The organization recognizes Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) as a significant barrier to women’s empowerment and expects to see reduction in VAWG, and specifically IPV, as part of building women’s social and economic empowerment. This program is being quantitatively evaluated through an individually randomized control trial amongst women in Afghanistan, with a 24-month follow up. A comparison of baseline characteristics of participants is also included as well as a discussion of implementation of the baseline research.

Apply Now: RFK National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice Training Institute

« National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges 2018 Conference on Juvenile Justice

The Robert F. Kennedy National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice has launched a new training institute, featuring a portfolio of on-site training opportunities that address critical topics in juvenile justice. The RFK National Resource Center training programs bring experts and experienced facilitators into local jurisdictions, ensuring that all vital leaders, staff, and stakeholders have the opportunity to benefit from the experience. Each curriculum uses well-established frameworks for reform that have been applied in numerous jurisdictions throughout the nation, while also incorporating current research and emerging best practices. This training approach balances traditional presentations with dynamic discussions and facilitated activities aimed at applying the information to each individual jurisdiction.

The following training programs are offered:

•Dual Status Youth: Improving Outcomes for Youth Involved in Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice

•Dual Status Youth: Implementing and Sustaining Reforms

•Advancing Best Practices in Youth Justice Seminar

•Probation System Review Training

•Multi-System Information & Data Sharing Learn more and apply. Applications are accepted on a rolling basis.

The Celebrated Marquis: An Italian Noble and the Making of the Modern World Paperback – February 7, 2018

by John D. Bessler (Author)

During the Enlightenment, a now little-known Italian marquis, while in his mid-twenties as a member of a small Milanese salon, the Academy of Fists, wrote a book that was destined to change the world. Published anonymously in 1764 as Dei delitti e delle pene, and quickly translated into French and then into English as On Crimes and Punishments, the runaway bestseller argued against torture, capital punishment, and religious intolerance. Written by Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794), an economist and recent law graduate of the University of Pavia, On Crimes and Punishments sought clear and egalitarian laws, better public education, and milder punishments. Translated into all of the major European languages, Beccaria’s book led to the end of the Ancien Régime. Praised by Voltaire and the French philosophes, Beccaria was toasted in Paris in 1766 for his literary achievement, and his book—though banned by the Inquisition and placed on the Catholic Church’s Index of Forbidden Books—was lauded by monarchs and revolutionaries alike. Among its admirers were the French Encyclopédistes; Prussia’s Frederick the Great; Russia’s enlightened czarina, Catherine II; members of the Habsburg dynasty; the English jurist Sir William Blackstone; the utilitarian penal reformer Jeremy Bentham; and American revolutionaries John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison. On Crimes and Punishments, decrying tyranny and arbitrariness and advocating for equality of treatment under the law, helped to catalyze the American and French Revolutions. In 1774, on the cusp of the Revolutionary War, the Continental Congress explicitly hailed Beccaria as "the celebrated marquis." Called the “Italian Adam Smith” for his pioneering work as an economist in Milan, Cesare Beccaria—like his Italian mentor, Pietro Verri—wrote about pleasure and pain, economic theory, and maximizing people’s happiness. Once a household name throughout Europe and the Americas, Beccaria taught economics before the appearance of Smith's The Wealth of Nations but died in obscurity after working for decades as a civil servant in Austria’s Habsburg Empire. As a public councilor, Beccaria pushed for social and economic justice, monetary and legal reform, conservation of natural resources, and even inspired France’s adoption of the metric system. In The Celebrated Marquis, award-winning author John Bessler tells the story of the history of economics and of how Beccaria’s ideas shaped the American Declaration of Independence, constitutions and laws around the globe, and the modern world in which we live.

The deadline for abstract submissions for 2018 Crime Prevention and Communities Conference has been extended

Date: 7–8 June 2018

Location: Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre ‘Translating evidence into practice.’

The conference theme is ‘Translating evidence into practice’ which will inform local government, urban planners, policy makers, police, criminologists, non-government community organisations, researchers and students about best practice, policy, evaluation and research. Call for abstracts has been extended to 16 February. 

The conference will feature speakers from a range of crime prevention projects and programs.

Confirmed keynote speakers include:

• Professor Rachel Armitage, University of Huddersfield

• Professor Lorraine Mazerolle, University of Queensland

• Associate Professor Rebecca Wickes, Monash University

This event is the biggest crime prevention conference in Australia aimed at practitioners.

Combating Terrorism in Europe:Strengthening the Tools and Ensuring a Coordinated Response

Thon Hotel Brussels City Centre, Brussels

Thursday 17th May 2018

KEY SPEAKERS: Simon Therer Project Manager CIDJ - Fédération des Centres d'information et de documentation pour jeunes ASBL

In recent years, several countries of the European Union have faced violent terrorist attacks, carried out by organised cells as well as by individuals operating alone, inspired by the beliefs of violent extremist organisations. According to the 2017 EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report (Te-Sat) by Europol, in 2016 eight Member States reported a total of 142 failed, foiled and completed attacks. As a consequence of the completed attacks, and in most cases at the hand of jihadist terrorists, 142 victims died and 379 people were injured. The threat of terrorism has not touched all Member States equally, yet every country may be subject to the risks deriving, for instance, from being an unintentional transit point or a safe haven for terrorists.

Member States are primarily responsible for taking action against terrorism. Nevertheless, in consideration of the increasing cross-border dimension of the phenomenon, the EU plays a fundamental supporting role. Already in 2005, the Council adopted a EU Strategy for Combating Radicalisation and Recruitment to Terrorism. In view of the changing nature of the threat and the increasing understanding of the issue, the Strategy was revised in 2014 and complemented with a set of guidelines, last updated in 2017. In this context, on 7 March 2017 the Council adopted a new directive on combating terrorism, addressing, among others, the issue of foreign fighters.

Online communication, especially through social media, constitutes a powerful tool for terrorist organisations to gain global visibility and reach new audiences, recruit, and obtain financial support. The rapid identification and removal of online terror content can help curb this virtual contagion. On many occasions, the perpetrators of terrorist attacks were nationals of the countries they attacked, or people who have migrated and resided in those countries for a long time. Moreover, almost one third of arrestees for terrorist offences in 2016 were 25 years old or younger (Te-Sat, 2017). Building resilient communities and stronger social ties may also play an important role in reducing the risk of radicalisation, especially of young people, helping neutralise the appeal of terrorist propaganda.

This timely symposium will provide police officials, security professionals, local authorities and other key stakeholders with an invaluable opportunity to discuss the latest advancements and challenges in the fight against terrorism across Europe. Delegates will also explore how digital tools and the engagement of local communities can be effectively employed in counteracting violent ideologies.

Delegates will:

• Analyse the EU framework for fighting terrorism

• Consider options for enhancing information sharing on terrorism

• Look into measures to decrease the exposure to terrorist attacks

• Debate about successful strategies to counter online terrorist propaganda

• Explore solutions to counter factors conducive to radicalisation and recruitment

• Building an effective counter-narrative to violent ideologies

• Assess the benefits of community engagement