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European Commission - Press release: Security Union: Commission welcomes the agreement on enhanced rules to fight terrorist financing

Brussels, 12 February 2019

Today the European Parliament and the Council reached a political agreement on the Commission's proposal to facilitate cross-border access to financial information by law enforcement authorities.

A political priority for 2018-2019, the new measures will allow police to quickly access crucial financial information for criminal investigations, boosting the EU's response to terrorism and other serious crime.

Welcoming the agreement, Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship Dimitris Avramopoulos said: “If you want to catch criminals and terrorists, you need to be able to follow their money. The new rules agreed today will ensure swift access to financial information and smoother cooperation across Europe so that no criminal or suspect can slip under the radar any longer or get away with dirty money.”

Commissioner for the Security Union Julian King said: “We have been closing down the space in which terrorists and criminals operate, denying them the means to carry out their deadly attacks. Today, we are cutting this space even further, making it easier for law enforcement to access financial information to help them crack down on the financing of terrorism. I would like to thank the European Parliament and the Council for delivering on an important commitment to building a safer Europe.”  

Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality Věra Jourová said: “Improving the cooperation between Financial Intelligence Units and law enforcement in the EU will allow us to crack down faster and more effectively on money laundering. We need to be vigilant towards suspicious transfers of money, which can be one of the signals that a terrorist attack is being prepared. Such information needs to be relayed fast, and this can only be done if we have a strong network."

With modern technology, criminals and terrorists can transfer money between financial institutions in a matter of minutes. Law enforcement's access to financial information is often too slow and too cumbersome, preventing them from completing criminal investigations and effectively cracking down on terrorists and serious criminals. Complementing the EU Anti-Money Laundering framework, the measures agreed today will:

  • Allow timely access to financial information: Law enforcement authorities and Asset Recovery Offices (AROs) will have direct access to bank account information contained in national centralised bank account registries or data retrieval systems. Europol will also be able to access this information indirectly.
  • Improve cooperation: The new rules enhance cooperation between national authorities, Europol and the Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs).
  • Safeguard data protection: Law enforcement will have access to limited information only on the identity of the bank account holder and in specific cases of serious crime or terrorism, ensuring that the rights and freedoms of individuals are fully protected, in particular the right to the protection of personal data.

Next steps

The Directive will now need to be formally adopted by the European Parliament and the Council. Once it enters into force, Member States will have 24 months to implement the new rules into national legislation.

Background

Criminal groups and terrorists are increasingly operating across borders with their assets located both within and beyond EU territory. While the EU has a strong EU Anti-Money Laundering framework, the current rules do not set out the precise conditions under which national authorities can use financial information for the prevention, detection, investigation or prosecution of certain criminal offences.

Following up on the Action Plan set out in February 2016, in April 2018 the Commission proposed to facilitate the use of financial and other information to prevent and combat serious crimes, such as terrorist financing, more effectively. The measures, agreed today by the European Parliament and the Council, strengthen the existing EU anti-money laundering framework as well as Member States capacity to combat serious crime.

 

 

How to become a probation officer: education and training in Europe

This article is about a CEP-funded research project. 

‘What kind of education do probation officers in Europe need at the start of their career?’ and ‘What kind of extra training do European probation officers need during their career?’ are the main questions CEP wanted to find answers to. That is why a research call was opened for its member. Joep Hanrath, lecturer and researcher at the University of Applied Sciences Utrecht carried out the research. We spoke to him about the project, the outcomes and the possibilities for the future.

The Dutch Situation

The project caught Joep Harnath’s attention, because he works with this topic daily. “If you offer a bachelor in social work, you need to implement courses about the criminal justice sector as well. Together with organisations like the probation and prison services,  forensic psychiatry as well as mandated youth care, the University of Applied Sciences Utrecht has developed a set of competences for the implementation of courses about the criminal justice sector in social work bachelors. These competences are now integrated in the bachelor curriculum of social work. The students need to have basic knowledge about, for example the work of a probation officer, when they finish their bachelor.” Further development after the bachelor is provided by in-company educational institutions. More experienced forensic social professionals are offered a program to obtain a master degree developed in close cooperation with professionals in the field.

European Probation Education

The scale that was used to measure the level of education in the countries that participated in the research project is the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED). “We see that the minimum ISCED level that is asked when probation officers start working for a probation organisation is occasionally 5, but the average level is 6-7. This stands for a professional or academic bachelor and master. It is interesting to see that the level of education for probation officers is almost the same in every participating country.”

Joep Hanrath also found that most of the probation services offer extra training for their probation officers during the course of their career. According to him this is very important for these organisations. “We see that they all offer trainings about more specific topics, like protocols or electronic monitoring. The variety of extra training is very wide.”

In December 2018, a meeting with the participating countries took place in Utrecht. “They indicated that they have difficulties with combining good training programs. We can’t focus only on the trendy topics, like radicalisation. More consistent themes need to form a basis. How do we preserve a good combination?” Hanrath thinks it is ‘reassuring’ that the level of education in Europe for probations officers is the same in almost every country.

Future Networks

According to Joep Hanrath education and training is a very important topic in the probation sector, therefore he hopes that his findings will result in the creation of a network through which probation professionals can share knowledge about their training activities. “It would be wonderful if we could create a sort of ‘marketplace’, where professionals can find each other. What I found through my research is that people find education very important, there is a great need to share and learn from each other.” He was, in a good way, surprised by the fact that the participating probation officers indicated that they find a European network for education and training very important. ‘I absolutely loved that people are so eager learn from each other so badly’.

Joep Hanrath would like to stay involved in possible international networks with the University of Applied Sciences Utrecht. “Europe becomes smaller, students travel to study in another European country all the time. It would be good if they develop a ‘European feeling’ and learn what it is like to work together with people from other countries. In that way, it is easier for them to include these experiences in their work after they finished university.”

The research report will be published soon.

Justice Sector Reform: Applying Human Rights Based Approaches

Venue: National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland

Monday 24th June to Friday 28th June 2019

Application form for OJIR19 training programme: may be downloaded from the end of this page.

Sample testimonials from previous participants.

Objective

The central objective of this annual training programme is to enhance the skills of participants in applying Human Rights Based Approaches to Justice Sector Reform. It will facilitate the development of knowledge and skills regarding:

    • Programming tools (including Human Rights Based benchmarks and indicators)
    • Case studies from national contexts and international field missions (conflict and post-conflict)
    • Teamwork, advocacy and strategic partnerships
    • Human Rights Based needs assessment, programme design, implementation, monitoring & evaluation

    • The relationship between the justice sector and related sectors ('security sector'), and concepts  'rule of law', 'good governance'

    • The inter-linkages between justice sector actors (law enforcement, judicial, corrections, etc)

    • The legal principles and practice underpinning human rights based approaches to justice sector reform

Methods

The Programme uses a variety of pedagogical techniques; including presentations, plenary discussions, group work and role-plays, case studies, etc. The programme is highly participatory and emphasises cross-learning among participants, based upon advance reflection. Advance reading provides participants with a common grounding in the international legal framework governing justice sector reform and human rights based approaches.

An indicative programme is available here, and will be up-dated in light of the profiles of confirmed 2019 participants.

Participants

Reflecting the multi-disciplinary nature of human rights based justice sector reform, the programme is aimed at individuals from a range of disciplines  (law and other social sciences, project management, etc), with experience in developing and industrialised countries, as well as international field missions: government officials; regulatory bodies (e.g prison/police inspectors; national human rights institutions; Bar Councils etc); international civil servants (UN agencies, AU, EC, OSCE, OAS etc); non-state actor as well as policy advisors/project managers. The programme is of particular relevance to consultants providing technical assistance services to bi- and multi-lateral donors (see IHRN Expert Database)

XXXV Postgraduate Course on Victimology, Victim Assistance and Criminal Justice – Inter-University Centre, Dubrovnik, Croatia

Proudly held in cooperation with the World Society of Victimology (WSV)

Date: From 20 May (Monday) to 1 June (Saturday) 2019

Venue: Inter-University Centre, Dubrovnik, Croatia

This informative and exciting course on Victimology, Victim Assistance and Criminal Justice, brings together approximately 80 international students, and 50 internationally renowned experts from the field of victimology, criminology, and criminal justice. The course covers the areas of the Theory and History of Victimology; UN Declarations and Victim Activities; Restorative Justice; Human Trafficking Victims; Victims in Various Criminal Justice Systems; Victimization of Women; Victim Compensation and Restitution; Crisis and Crisis Intervention; Refugees as victims; and much more.

The course is taught in English.

Course Fee (2 Weeks) = 430 Euros. Note: Course fee is to be paid in cash in the first day of the course. Excursions are covered in each student´s course fee. Additionally, the course fee includes a 3-year student membership to the World Society of Victimology

For more information on the course, please contact a course director, as listed below. The Organizing Director can provide a detailed course flyer upon request:

Course Directors:

Chadley James, California State University, Fresno, USA
E-mail: chadleyj@csufresno.edu/ Organizing Director

Dick D.T. Andzenge, St. Cloud University, USA
E-mail: andzenge@stcloudstate.edu

Gerd Ferdinand Kirchhoff, Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana, India
E-mail: gfkirchhoff@jgu.edu.in

Zvonimir Paul Separovic, University of Zagreb, Croatia
E-mail: zvonimir.separovic@zg.t-com.hr

Elmar Weitekamp, University of Tuebingen, Germany
E-mail: elmar.weitekamp@uni-tuebingen.de

International Justice and Victims’ Rights Summer School

May 31 - June 8

The School

The International Justice and Victims’ Rights summer school brings together internationally renowned experts, and human rights organizations in order to discuss and reflect on issues surrounding victims’ rights and international justice. In recent years, developments like the International Criminal Court, have catapulted victims’ rights into criminal justice. In order to ensure that as they evolve, victims’rights remain linked to the reality of victims and not develop into empty legal concepts that are detached from victims’ needs, it is important to have an understanding of the impact of victimization, victims’ needs and the effects of the law.

This course serves to train and engage students and professionals in the areas of law, criminology, and related disciplines in key issues regarding the rights of victims of crime and abuse of power. Organized in collaboration with the School of Criminology, the CÉRIUM, and the International Centre for Comparative Criminology, this course is an activity of the Canadian Partnership for International Justice (CPIJ), which is funded by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

Topics include reparation of victims of crimes against humanity, addressing the needs of victims of sexual violence in the courts, how courts handle victims who at the same time are perpetrators, as well as the place of victims in transitional justice.

This week long course consists of daily lectures by experts. Each day there are two lectures: one in the morning and one in the afternoon. Lectures are one hour and thirty minutes and are followed by a break and a discussion period. In addition, a visit to the Raoul Wallenberg Center and a meeting with a representative from the Canadian Center for International Justice are scheduled.

CPIJ is offering a $ 2,000 scholarships to graduate students from developing countries to attend this school. See here for more information. 

‘DIGITALISED MOVEMENTS’. THE ROLE OF NEW MEDIA AND DIGITIZATION IN THE SECURITY APPROACHES OF THE REFUGEE CRISIS

3- 4 JUNE, 2019 / UTRECHT UNIVERSITY

Digitization and the use of social media has dramatically changed most aspects of our everyday practices, perceptions and cause severe changes in Human Mobility (Innes, 2016, Gray, 2018). While the importance and effects of technological innovations in social science research has been increasingly recognized, the role of new technologies and how these shapes the security of people on the move is still limited in scope. 

This international event of UGlobe seeks to address questions on the digital features of forced mobility, how technology shapes the approaches of migrant’ security, particularly the unintended effects of digitization and social media use. 

This event aims to bring together multiple stakeholders: NGO representatives, social workers, media representatives (e.g. Dutch Refugee Council, Dutch Association for Migration Research, European institutions, IOM, UNHCR) and academics.   

The first day of our event is a Seminar with invited speakers from different disciplines, the second day is organised in Workshops to facilitate interactive knowledge exchange and inclusion of visual material. For the Workshop sessions we invite papers, films and art works that rethink issues of the ‘digital’ in the study of human mobility and security. Papers should include an inquiry into one or more of the following questions:

• How does `the digital´ change the way we approach security issues in the migration domain, and do we need to adjust our research objectives accordingly?   • How current changes in nationalist movements, securitization processes and surveillance mechanisms are shifting human mobility approaches in different social contexts?  • What are the ethical concerns and limitations in using new media, particularly when studying mobility?  • How do we critically assess digital justice, traceability and accountability? 

We encourage paper proposals from various disciplines including, but not limited to, social and cultural anthropology, sociology, human geography, criminology, law, communication studies and the digital humanities by early and mid-career scholars.   As we aim to create a platform for in-depth discussion, selected papers will be grouped into one of the five sessions, each led by an expert in the selected field. The preliminary topics below serve as a guide for applicants:

 Session 1 Perceived Security and Asylum processes  

Session 2 Media, Gender and Ethnicity 

Session 3 Fear of Expulsion and Relocation 

Session 4 Digilantism, Digital solidarity and Social Justice 

Session 5 Migration Security and Technology  

 

Abstracts for papers (max. 300 words) and a short biographical note including your institutional affiliation and position, should be sent via e-mail as a Word.doc attachment by Monday, 11th of March, 2019. 

Please e-mail your abstracts and papers to Dr Veronika Nagy: v.nagy@uu.nl 

Decisions will be communicated before the 22th of March. 

Accepted abstracts should be turned into preliminary papers (3000 words) and sent by Sunday, 05th of May, 2019. 

Should you have a preferred session(s), please indicate it upon abstract submission.

 

Dr. Veronika Nagy 

Assistant Professor

Utrecht University

Willem Pompe Institute for Criminal Law and Criminology 

v.nagy@uu.nl | +31 30 253 7125 (secretariaat)

 +31641035072

Post Address: Newtonlaan 231 3584 BH Utrecht 

Visiting address:Newtonlaan 201 3584 BH Utrecht 

https://uu.academia.edu/VeronikaNagy