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European Commission welcomes agreement to improve the functioning of Eurojust and boost cooperation between national authorities against cross-border

European Commission - Daily News

Daily News 19 / 06 / 2018

Brussels, 19 June 2018

Today, the Commission welcomes the agreement reached by the European Parliament and the EU Member States on the reform of the Eurojust agency, which helps EU national judicial authorities to team up and to fight against cross-border crime and terrorism. The new rules will facilitate the cooperation between Eurojust and its national members, with national authorities, with Europol and other agencies, such as European Border and Coast Guard Agency or the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF). The new rules will also allow for a close cooperation between Eurojust and the futureEuropean Public Prosecutor Office, which will be a specialised body to investigate and prosecute crimes against the EU budget, such as corruption or fraud with EU funds, or cross-border VAT fraud. Finally, the new rules will ensure that the European Parliament and national Parliaments are more involved in assessing Eurojust's activities. Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality, Věra Jourová said: “Every year, Eurojust helps facilitate cooperation between national authorities in their investigations and prosecutions. In 2017 alone, Eurojust delivered concrete support in 4,500 investigations in all Member States and in cases which matter most to our citizens: terrorism, illegal migration and cybercrime, to name just a few." Recently Eurojust has helped solve cases, such as the dismantlinga drug smuggling and money laundering network active in Germany, Italy and Spain; supporting the investigation of the alleged fraud in the FIFA or solving a murder case within 24 hours, with European Arrest Warrants and European Investigation Orders involving Hungary, Germany and Austria. The provisional agreement reached today during the final trilogues, must now be formally approved by the European Parliament and the Council of the EU. Following approval, the Regulation will be published in the EU's Official Journal and enter into force 20 days later. Eurojust's annual report is available here(For more information: Christian Wigand- Tel.: +32 229 62253; Mélanie Voin – Tel.: +32 229 58659)

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New research on Commonwealth fraud investigations and forced marriage

Last week, the Australian Institute of Criminology released two new publications, which are available now on the AIC website.

Statistical Report

Research Report

For the latest crime and justice facts and figures, visit Crime Statistics Australia.

 

 

 

 



 

Register for Webinar: Understanding Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities in People Involved with the Criminal Justice System

Hosted by the CSG Justice Center with funding support from the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance

 

Date: Thursday, June 21
Time: 2–3:30 p.m. ET

 

The term “behavioral health” can be used to describe a number of presentations, symptoms, and needs. For example, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition lists mental illnesses, intellectual/developmental disabilities (I/DD), substance use disorders, and personality disorders under this broad umbrella term. Though all classified as behavioral health issues, people with different diagnoses have different needs, especially when they are involved with the criminal justice system. To navigate these needs, join us as Leigh Ann Davis, director of the National Center on Criminal Justice & Disability, discusses differences and similarities between various kinds of behavioral health diagnoses and I/DD, how to identify someone with I/DD, and tips for to work more effectively with people with I/DD in correctional settings.

Australian Institute of Criminology - Latest Publications

New research on domestic violence and young offenders

Last week, the Australian Institute of Criminology released three new publications, which are available now on the AIC website.


Trends & Issues Papers

For the latest crime and justice facts and figures, visit Crime Statistics Australia

Webinar: Empowering People with Criminal Records to Change Policy: A Legal Advocate’s Guide to Storytelling

Empowering People with Criminal Records to Change Policy: A Legal Advocate’s Guide to Storytelling

Hosted by the Clean Slate Clearinghouse with funding support from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Employment and Training Administration and the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance

Register buttonDate: Wednesday, June 20
Time: 2–3 p.m. ET

Storytelling is a vitally important way of delivering information and achieving results. This webinar features presenters who will discuss the best ways to empower people who have criminal records to tell their stories and how to use these stories to advocate for policy change. The presentation will also offer important considerations that help protect the storyteller from harm as well as the chance to hear directly from a storyteller about the benefits of sharing stories. The target audience for this webinar is advocates and lawyers interested in using storytelling to expose an injustice, achieve an advocacy goal, or bring attention to an important cause.

Panelists:

  • Caitlin Brown, Communications Director, Community Legal Services of Philadelphia
  • Sharon Dietrich, Litigation Director, Community Legal Services of Philadelphia
  • Ronald Lewis, Storyteller

Programme now live - 12TH INTERNATIONAL CRIME SCIENCE CONFERENCE

4th July 2018, British Library, LONDON

This year's conference theme is "Trafficking and exploitation: using science and technology to tackle one of the world’s greatest crime problems."

   

We are delighted to announce that there is a special half-price fee this year at £99 for the Early Bird Rate.

      

This year’s event will focus on identifying, responding and adapting to the challenges posed by human trafficking and modern slavery in their various forms – including labour exploitation, sexual exploitation and forced criminality such as county lines. Breaking down silos between related fields, the event will also highlight important developments in other organised crimes such as drugs trafficking. Presentations will cover organised crime networks, cybercrime, forensic science, NGO responses, evidence-based policing, cutting-edge technological developments and the use of big data.

 

The programme can now be viewed by clicking here  

 

 

Confirmed speakers now include:

 

Keynotes:

 

Kevin Hyland, OBE, Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner

Sir Bernard Silverman, Professor of Modern Slavery Statistics, University of Nottingham

Dr Aili Malm, California State University, USA

Dr Ella Cockbain, UCL Security and Crime Science

European mental health institutions fall 'far below the standard,' WHO reports

European mental health institutions fall "far below the standard," with no single institution meeting all of the standards for quality of care and human rights, according to a new World Health Organization report. Among the more severe transgressions documented in the report were the use of restraints to manage difficult behavior, sexual abuse of female patients, sleeping on floors, restrictions on communication and little access to "meaningful [...]

European Commission - Fact Sheet: Questions & Answers: Reinforced security funding for 2021-2027

Strasbourg, 13 June 2018

The Juncker Commission has made security a top priority since day one. It is the most basic and universal of rights to feel safe and secure in your own home.

The EU budget has a key role to play in supporting Member States in keeping Europeans safe, in particular when security threats know no borders and insidiously target our values and our way of life.

How will the future internal security budget change?

Over recent years, security threats have intensified and diversified. They are increasingly cross-border in nature meaning Member States can no longer act alone. While protecting citizens is a national competence, the European Union plays a vital role in supporting Member States' efforts. Security will remain a defining issue for the EU for years to come and Europe's citizens rightly expect their Union and national governments to deliver security in a fast-changing and uncertain world.

The future budget must match those political ambitions. The European Commission proposes to substantially increase the current security funding – from €3.5 billion to €4.8 billion – to build a Union resilient to future security challenges and ready to respond in emergencies. The overall budget for security in 2021-2027 will be comprised of the reinforced Internal Security Fund (€2.5 billion), safer decommissioning of nuclear activities in some Member States (€1.2 billion) and bolstered EU Agencies in the area of security (€1.1 billion).

Today's Regulation does not cover the funding for the Agencies: Europol, CEPOL and EMCDDA, for which the allocated budget of €1.1 billion is to be presented separately.

Why provide funding from the EU budget for security?

Over recent years, security threats have intensified and diversified in Europe. The common thread to recent terror attacks, new avenues of organised crime, and ever-growing incidents of cybercrime is their cross-border dimension. This demands a strong and coordinated response at the EU level. The security challenges the Union faces, such as international terrorism, cannot be managed by individual Member States alone.

The financial and technical support of the EU has already demonstrated its worth and will continue to do so in the next budgetary period. It has brought about concrete results and showed clear added-value when for example it supported the purchase of surveillance equipment following the terror attacks in Paris in November 2015, or the exemplary cooperation between French and Belgian authorities, through the Task Force Fraternité, set up by Europol.

How will the Internal Security Fund better support new and emerging challenges?

The reinforced Internal Security Fund (ISF) will be more flexible and equipped with tools to quickly respond to emerging security challenges. It will also be better coordinated with other EU funds, which touch upon security related issues.

Firstly, the future ISF will focus on three new objectives: (1) increasing the exchange of information; (2) intensifying cross-border joint operations; (3) and strengthening capabilities to combat and prevent crime. Those objectives will allow Member States more flexibility in delivering on key security priorities namely the fight against terrorism and radicalisation; serious and organised crime; cybercrime; and protection of victims of crimes.

Secondly, the future ISF will be based on a 60%-40% split. This means that €1.25 billion of the fund will be allocated to Member States upfront (with a later mid-term top up of €250 million), allowing them to make long-term security investments. The remaining 40%, i.e. €1 billion, will be reserved for the "thematic facility" and devoted to targeted support to Member States helping them to respond more effectively when faced with emergencies and unforeseen security challenges.  

Finally, security is a cross-cutting issue touching upon multiple policy areas. While the future ISF is a dedicated financial instrument in the area of security, it will work more effectively with other EU funds such as the Asylum and Migration Fund and Integrated Border Management, which also include security components. This will help Member States to tackle security issues in a more comprehensive way building national preparedness at all levels and across sectors.

What is new about the Internal Security Fund?

The current Internal Security Fund (ISF) has been effective and has contributed to a high level of security in the Union. However, public consultations emphasised the need for simplification and greater flexibility in the delivery of home affairs funding instruments. In this context the future ISF will include:

  • More flexibility and better emergency response: The new fund has been designed to ensure sufficient flexibility to channel emergency funding to Member States when needed and address new and critical priorities as they emerge. €1 billion of the Fund will be reserved for unforeseen security challenges, making the fund tailored to Member States' needs and ready to quickly respond to emergencies;  
  • Greater coordination across EU policies: Security is a cross-cutting issue and touches upon many policy areas. While the future ISF is a dedicated financial instrument in the area of security, it will work more effectively with other EU funds, such as the Asylum and Migration Fund and the Integrated Border Management Fund, which also include security components. This will help Member States to tackle security issues in a more comprehensive way building national preparedness at all levels and across sectors. In addition, the fund will include support work to reduce drug demand, for instance, through awareness raising campaigns. The measures for reducing drug demand are currently covered by the Justice Programme.

What actions will not be funded under Internal Security Fund?

There are measures which are the sole responsibility of Member States and the EU cannot support them with ISF funding. Those measures include:

  • Measures limited to the maintenance of public order at national level;
  • Measures covering the purchase or maintenance of standard equipment, standard means of transport or standard facilities of the law enforcement and other competent authorities;
  • Measures with a military or defence purpose;
  • Equipment of which at least one of the purposes is customs control;
  • Coercive equipment, including weapons, ammunition, explosives and riot sticks, except for training purposes;

What happened to the two components: ISF-Borders & Visa and ISF-Police?

The Commission aims to guarantee better and more integrated management of the EU's external borders. This is why the current Borders and Visa instrument is being moved from the Internal Security Fund to the new Integrated Border Management Fund, which will itself also include a new instrument: the Customs Control Equipment Instrument. As regards the future Internal Security Fund, it structurally corresponds to the current Police Instrument of the Internal Security Fund.

How much is allocated to the different security priorities?

The future Internal Security Fund (ISF) does not propose specific allocations per priority nor objective. Security challenges are constantly evolving and Member States are best placed to identify their needs in order to meet the security priorities. Each Member State will have to ensure – and the Commission will confirm – that the priorities addressed in their national programmes are consistent with, and respond to the Union's priorities and challenges in the area of security

Under their national programmes Member States will be allocated 50% of the total budget of the fund upfront, amounting to €1.25 billion. A fixed top-up of 10 % amounting to €0.25 billion of the overall funding will be made at the mid-term. The remaining 40 % of the overall budget, amounting to €1 billion, will be periodically allocated to specific priorities in the Member States. This flexibility will allow Member States to use the available funding according to their actual needs and respond quickly to new security challenges and emergencies.

Each Member State will receive at the start of the programming period a one-time fixed amount of €5 million to ensure a critical mass, plus an amount that varies according to a distribution key weighted on the following criteria:

  • 45% in inverse proportion to gross domestic product;
  • 40% in proportion to the size of population; and
  • 15% in proportion to the size of territory.

How will the Internal Security Fund be simplified and made more flexible?

The main simplification measures relate to the alignment of the fund with the Single Rule Book. For instance, the Commission aims to increase the use of simplified cost options such as lump-sums and streamlining horizontal rules for auditing and controls.

In terms of flexibility, the future ISF provides for more tailored and needs-based funding.

How will coherence with other funds be increased?

Security is a cross-cutting issue touching upon multiple policy areas. While the Internal Security Fund (ISF) will be the Union's dedicated instrument in the area of security, greater consistency and efficiency will be sought with other EU funds which include security components. Complementarities should be ensured in particular with:

  • The Asylum and Migration Fund and the Integrated Border Management Fund, border surveillance measures, such as detection of smuggling of illegal goods, explosives, precursors, illegal migration and security screenings at the external borders are key to maintaining the EU's overall security;
  • The Cohesion Policy Funds, Horizon Europe, the Digital Europe Programme, the Rights and Values Programme as well as Justice Programme all include a focus on security, such as investing in security research and providing adequate protection to crime victims;
  • The European Social Fund+ also includes security elements, in the area of drugs policy, security of infrastructure and public spaces, cybersecurity and the prevention of radicalisation;
  • InvestEU can also play a key role in increasing the security of investments in infrastructure throughout the Union and in the security of IT systems through addressing cybersecurity.

Further complementarities will be found with other measures outside the Union supported through the EU's external assistance instruments.

How will monitoring and evaluation be improved?

The Commission will directly monitor the implementation of the actions under direct and indirect management. In the case of shared management, each Member State will establish a management and control system for its programme and ensure the quality and the reliability of the monitoring system, of data and of indicators. In order to facilitate a swift start to the fund's implementation by 1 January 2021, it will be possible to ‘roll-over' existing, well-functioning management and control systems, to the next budget period.

The assessment of performance orientation is significantly improved for the next financial period. In addition to output and result indicators, a set of core performance indicators are also being proposed. Member States should send data for each programme – broken down by specific objectives – six times per year. These data should refer to the cost of operations and the values of common output and result indicators.

Member States will also be required to send an annual performance report, which should set out information on the progress made in implementing their national programmes and in achieving the milestones and targets. A review meeting between the Commission and each Member State will be organised every 2 years to examine the performance of each programme. At the end of the period, each Member State will submit a final performance report.

Why is the financial support for Europol being increased?

The role and relevance of all of the EU Agencies in the area of security, the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (EUROPOL), the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training (CEPOL), and the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), has evolved during the 2014-2020 financing period. Europol has become particularly relevant in supplying Member States with intelligence, coordinating different strands of the fight against organised crime and terrorism, and cracking down on illegal terrorist content online. This was enabled by new structures created within Europol, such as:

  • The European Cybercrime Centre (EC3), which for example, worked closely with cybercrime units in the countries affected by the WannaCry ransomware attack, and provided operational support and helped coordinate international efforts to mitigate the threat and help the victims;
  • The European Counter Terrorism Centre (ECTC), which helps to ensure an effective and coordinated response to the challenge of international terrorism such as the one posed by Da'esh. It does so by providing operational support upon request and tackles the threat of returning foreign terrorist fighters, or by enabling the sharing of intelligence on terrorism financing;
  • The European Migrant Smuggling Centre (EMSC), helped support Member States' investigations after it became clear that the numbers of irregular migrants that arrived in 2016 were, in part, being organised by criminal migrant smuggling networks busy turning a profit on human misery.

Europol also played an invaluable role in the Task Force Fraternité in the days and weeks following the terror attacks in Paris in November 2015.

However, the increased financial support for Europol will not come from the Internal Security Fund (ISF) directly. The EU Agencies working in the area of security benefit from a separate budget allotment, to be presented separately.

Will other specialised EU agencies in the field of security receive increased financial support?

While Europol has indeed a key role to play, other agencies such as CEPOL and EMCDDA are just as important for ensuring other aspects of the Union's security.

CEPOL ensures that Member States' law enforcement authorities have the training they need to carry out their duties and the EMCDDA is key in tackling the societal challenges such as drug trafficking and drug addiction represent.

In addition to the €2.5 billion under the Internal Security Fund, and to be presented separately, the overall budget for the Agencies under the security cluster will be increased up to €1.1 billion, representing a 29% increase compared to 2014-2020 financial period.

Why is there funding for nuclear decommissioning?

The EU's nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes (NDAP) aim to assist Member States in the process of winding and shutting down those nuclear installations in the final step in their lifecycles, while keeping the highest level of safety. This helps provide substantial and durable support for the health of workers and the general public, preventing environmental degradation and providing for real progress in nuclear safety and security.

For 2021-2027, the Union will continue to provide strictly targeted financial support:

  • €552 million is allocated to Lithuania to support the decommissioning of the Ignalina nuclear power plant;
  • €118 million is allocated to Bulgaria and Slovakia. In the case of Bulgaria, the aim is to decommission units 1 to 4 of the Kozloduy nuclear power plant. For Slovakia, it is the Bohunice V1 nuclear power plant;
  • €348 million is allocated for the decommissioning and radioactive waste management of the Commission's nuclear research facilities operated and/or owned by the JRC.
  • €160 million is allocated to general nuclear safety and safeguards

Deradicalisation or disengagement? That is the question

Against the background of the recent attacks in Europe and elsewhere, knowledge production in the area of radicalisation has intensified in the last 20 years. This movement was enhanced by the setting up of dedicated institutes or centers for studying terrorism or radicalisation(see for instance International Centre for Counter Terrorism – The Hague or International Institute for Counter-Terrorism – Herzlyia etc.). Based on the literature and best practices developed across the globe, different national and transnational bodies have advanced some guidelines on how to prevent or fight terrorism. Moreover, some guidelines addressed the issue of how to use prisons and probation services to support deradicalisation and disengagement from the terrorist actions.

Read more >>

Conferences you shouldn't miss!

2nd International Criminal Justice Summer Course, Barcelona

The Criminal Justice Platform Europe (CJPE) is organising the second edition of the International Criminal Justice Summer Course in Barcelona from the 3rd until the 6th of July 2018 in the Centre for Legal Studies and Specialised Training, Barcelona. Registration is now open! An early bird fee is available until the 15th of April. 

7th SPECTO conference, Timisoara

On the 13th and 14th of September 2018, CEP and the West University of Timisoara organise the 7th edition of International Conference Multidisciplinary Perspectives in the Quasi-Coercive Treatment of Offenders (SPECTO). The conference will be held in Timisoara, Romania.​

Reframing Sexual Abuse: Practical Directions, Riga

The conference ‘Reframing Sexual Abuse: Practical Directions’ will be held on the 22nd and 23rd of November 2018. The conference will be facilitated by the CEP and spearheaded by the Latvian Probation Service and the Latvian Prison Administration. It is aimed at practitioners, mainly probation staff.​

Australian Institute of Criminology - Latest Publications

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New Australian research on organised crime

Last week, the Australian Institute of Criminology released a new publication, which is now available on the AIC website.

Research Report

For the latest crime and justice facts and figures, visit Crime Statistics Australia.

 

 

 

 

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