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UNICEF REPORT: Children and youth on the move across the Mediterranean Sea, at risk of trafficking and exploitation

Author:UNICEF and IOM

September 2017

This joint report from UNICEF and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) explores in detail survey data from the Central and Eastern Mediterranean Sea routes to Europe, focusing on adolescents and youth on the move from Africa and Asia. The analysis reveals staggering rates of trafficking and exploitation, and also points to the xenophobia and racism that make young refugees and migrants − especially those from sub-Saharan Africa − vulnerable

NEW HELP Online course on International Cooperation in Criminal Matters

Strasbourg 03/10/2017

The HELP online course on International Cooperation in Criminal Matters explores fundamental principles of international judicial cooperation in criminal matters and a range of legal frameworks and legal instruments for cooperation- applied under a general consideration for human rights issues.

In a rapidly changing world under the challenges of globalization and new technologies; to combat transnational crimes such as organized crime, corruption and terrorism and national crimes, mechanisms and instruments of international cooperation in criminal matters are of paramount importance. Trying to provide their citizens with safety and security, it is vital for states to enhance their capacity to deal promptly and efficiently with international cooperation requests based on a range of treaties in European and International Law.

This free on-line course is primarily addressed to legal professionals (judges, prosecutors, central authorities ) working in the field of international cooperation in criminal matters but also to lawyers, academics and other persons interested in this field. The course consists of ten substantive modules which are explored in a practical way, by using presentations, interactive screens, etc:

1. Introduction

2. Legal Framework

3. Extradition

4. Mutual Legal Assistance

5. Transfer of Sentenced Persons

6. Supervision of Offenders, International Validity of Criminal Judgments and Transfer of Proceedings.

7. Seizure and Confiscation of Proceeds of Crime

8. International Cooperation Toolbox

9. Knowledge Check

CoCoRa – Final phases of the project and the CoCoRa Ambassador Programme

In the final phase of the Erasmus+ project “Community Counteracting Radicalisation” (CoCoRa), between May and September 2017, the partners have organised the Ambassador Programme, and in September 2017 the project results were presented at the Final Conference in Berlin.

The Ambassador Programme follows up on the CoCoRa Prevention Programme (see our Second Newsletter for more details) and aims to train young people to become “ambassadors”: spokesmen and visible representatives for young peoples’ interests and needs towards local authorities and municipal professionals in the general prevention efforts. Young ambassadors are trained in communication- and dialogical skills to make presentations on workshops for authorities and professionals in the general prevention efforts. As for the previous phases of the CoCoRa project, each partner organisation adapts the general framework to the local needs of the communities and of young people.

The Ambassador Programme in Denmark…

In Denmark, the CoCora Ambassador programme is organized as a training course, following in direct extension of the previous CoCoRa Prevention programme for young people with a Muslim background. Thus, the Ambassador Programme was already introduced during the Prevention programme. By doing so, we ensured a clear continuity between the working topics from the Prevention programme and the themes which the young Ambassadors prioritize in their own Ambassadors´ presentations. The Ambassador Programme also attracted young people from the collaborating Muslim community, who did not participate in the Prevention Programme. In total about 20 young people have shown their interest at an introductory workshop. The final Ambassador group includes 10 participants.

The Ambassador programme has involved external speakers and facilitators who – from various angles - have trained the young Ambassadors in communication techniques, authentic appearance, handling of interreligious dialogues etc. The facilitators included a well-known journalist and reporter with many years of experience from television and media as well as an imam with special experience in intercultural understanding and dialogical communication of religious topics in a secular society.

In the last part of the Ambassador programme, the young Ambassadors work intensively in smaller groups to build their own presentations, which will be presented at the CoCoRa Closing Conference in Berlin as well as in workshops for municipal representatives and a presentation for other young people and adults from the Ambassadors’ own Muslim community. The themes will in particular focus on the concept of citizenship, multiple cultural identities and a daily life that integrates an active citizenship with a religious lifestyle.

…in Austria

In Austria, the CoCora Ambassador program is organized by Verein Multikulturell as a training course with 11 participants from young migrant communities. The training course is a part of prevention programs. The training is coordinated by Klaudia BINNA. During the training sessions, different topics were discussed such as migration, life histories, experience in the host country and expectations for the future. A second trainer from a migrant organization has informed the participants on tolerance, intercultural understanding and dialogic communication in society. A total of 17 young people from different ethnic communities showed interest, but a total of 11 young people were involved in the final Ambassador group. They went through the program and received also a certificate for their contribution at one of the public events.

…in France

In France, the CoCoRa Ambassador programme was organised by ADICE as a training course divided into 4 different workshops. Two groups of 10 young people participated to these workshops, part of the prevention programme. The training was coordinated by ADICE, and the following topics were discussed:

• What are your rights and duties as a citizen from France and Europe?

• How can you communicate interculturally and understand different ways of living, customs and habits? How can you engage yourself as a citizen in volunteering?

• How can you value your competences and get access to the labour market? The objective was to include these young citizens in the society by showing them ways of taking part into it, of acting concretely to make things change. The debates were mostly about intercultural understanding, communication, commitment and civic and democratic participation. A total of 20 young people from different communities and origins took part to the Ambassador programme.

All the Ambassadors worked in group to prepare their own presentation and to learn to present them orally to different speakers. They worked on presenting their own personal projects and their work on intercultural communication.

…in Germany

In Germany, the CoCoRa Ambassador programme was set up according to Cultures Interactive’s (CI) approach of the “Fair Skillls YouTubing Video Workshop and We-Amongst-Ourself-Group (WAOG)”, which was conceptualized in the CoCoRa project (cf. CoCoRa methodology) and has also been part of CI’s programme of civic education and youth-culture work in preventing violent extremism. The WAOG group is based on the principles of group self-awareness, to stimulate social and emotional intelligence and strengthen the young people’s ability to speak expressively about their own experiences and listen respectfully and supportively to others. Based on this group work the participants may then engage – on a purely voluntary and optional level – in a process of video production, which includes training in interviewing and video editing skills. In addition skills of presenting and contextualizing the video before other audiences are trained.

Different groups from two Berlin-Kreuzberg/ Neukölln schools and attached social work units were involved at different stages, the Carl von Ossietzky school (CvO) and the Rütli Campus school, the latter of which had lost students as Syrian travelers in the past. The NGOs ‘Bildung bewegt’ and CI’s project “Spot on, Girls!” took part as well. These organizations show mixed populations with a high proportion of Turkish, Bosnian, Arab and African families building a hybrid “community” of families which to large extents – but by no means exclusively – identify more or less with a Muslim cultural background.

In the first part of the Ambassador programme in March, three CoCoRa youngsters from the CvO were prepared for and attended an international event on youth and radicalization in Brussels, co-organized by the EU commission (RAN; The 13th European Remembrance Day for the Victims of Terrorism). Springing from this a larger group of CvO students met for further session on the topic. In the last part of the Ambassador programme, the eventual course providing the option to engage in video production worked with a group of 7 from “Spot on, Girls!”, CvO and ‘Bildung bewegt’. …

...in Italy

CESIE is organizing the Ambassador Programme in Italy in the form of a stop motion video workshop. The 9 participants, most of them former participants of the Prevention Programme and with a migration background, will learn how to tell their stories, their desires and needs in short animation videos. They start with brainstorming ideas, including an observation walk in Palermo. Then participants receive an introduction into storytelling and preparation of a storyboard for the films. Finally, with the materials and ideas collected, the videos are realized with the support of CESIE’s communication expert. The Programme will conclude with the common preparation of an Ambassador Workshop where local representatives of municipalities and other organisations active in prevention and social inclusion will be invited. Stop motion allows realizing with simple means, even with a smartphone, effective videos using different materials such as pictures, sounds, music, figures etc. Young people learn this way a new method of communication which they can use even with limited language skills.

The Final Conference in Berlin

As a great ending of the two-year project period, in September 2017, the CoCoRa partners conducted the closing conference as a full-time conference in Berlin. The conference programme offered a wide range of keynote speakers and workshops where intercultural ambassadors and partner organisations reported on the development processes and results from CoCoRa.

In all sessions, discussions and engagement of the participants were intensive and high. All presentations and debates were characterized by a positive critical approach to the many issues that still arise in common reflections on good practices in the prevention of radicalization and violent extremism. A special tribute was given to the young intercultural ambassadors who, on the basis of their participation in the CoCoRa learning/training programmes, for the first time stood in front of a larger audience, telling about their own experiences, challenges and expectations for the future as young people with a Muslim and ethnic minority background in today's Europe . It was at the same time moving, instructive and thought-provoking for everyone present.

In addition to the final conference, the CoCoRa partners have organized local ambassador workshops, where the new intercultural ambassadors have had the opportunity to convey their learning and experience from the CoCoRa project to professionals and other stakeholders in the field of prevention actions. An important perspective for the local workshops was the young ambassadors´ contact with schools, youth counselors, youth clubs and local authorities who have invited the ambassadors to disseminate and exploit their knowledge and experience to other young people and youth professionals as part of general prevention efforts in local communities and municipalities.

The CoCoRa Handbooks will soon be available on the project website

WHO publishes new guidelines to help health care providers respond to children and adolescents who have been sexually abused

20 October 2017:

Geneva, Switzerland

The sexual abuse of children and adolescents is a gross violation of their human rights and a global public health problem. Millions of children and adolescents are subjected to sexual abuse with devastating consequences for their health and well-being which often last into adulthood. It is estimated that 18% of girls and 8% of boys worldwide have experienced sexual abuse.

Health care providers are often the first point of call for distressed parents or adolescents. They need to know how to identify such abuse and provide an empathetic and supportive response to children and adolescents when they disclose, or show signs of, abuse. Health care providers can also help to connect survivors of abuse to other services that they may need through referrals.

In recognition of this WHO has published new evidence-based guidelines to help front-line health workers respond to children and adolescents who have been sexually abused.

"Sexual abuse often remains hidden in a culture of silence," notes Dr Etienne Krug, Director of the WHO Department for the Management of Noncommunicable Diseases, Disability, Violence and Injury Prevention. "The new document Responding to children and adolescents who have been sexually abused: WHO clinical guidelines offers advice on the most appropriate ways to support victims so that they come forward and receive the vital services they need to heal."

Avni Amin, Technical Officer at WHO says, "Children and adolescents who have survived sexual abuse have specific needs, different from adults. These guidelines, grounded in ethical principles and human rights standards give health care providers practical advice on how to put these needs first and provide quality and trauma-informed care."

Consequences of sexual abuse

Boys and girls who are sexually abused face higher risks of lifetime diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, and having thoughts of suicide and self-harm. They are more likely to engage in unsafe sex, abuse of drugs and misuse of alcohol, placing them at higher risk for STIs and HIV and for other negative health outcomes that last into adulthood. For girls there is also increased risk of pregnancy and gynaecological disorders.

Culture of silence

A majority of children and adolescents who experience sexual abuse do not seek or receive any services. A key reason for this is that sexual abuse is often undisclosed by victims who face shame or fear blame and stigma. Therefore, much more needs to be done in homes, schools and communities to support victims to disclose, seek help and access services in a timely manner.

Key recommendations

The new guidelines recommend that health care providers:

1. Provide first line support that is child or adolescent-centred and gender sensitive in response to disclosure of sexual abuse.

2. Minimize additional trauma and distress while taking medical history, conducting the examination and documenting the findings.

3. Offer post-rape care that includes HIV post-exposure prophylaxis and adherence support, emergency contraception, STI presumptive treatment where testing is not feasible and Hepatitis B and HPV vaccinations as per national guidance.

4. Consider cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with a trauma focus to those who have PTSD symptoms and diagnosis, and where safe and appropriate to do so, involve at least one non-offending caregiver.

5. Where required to report child sexual abuse to designated authorities, health care providers should inform the child or adolescent and their non-offending caregivers about the obligation to report the abuse and the limits of confidentiality before interviewing them.

AIC: 2016–17 a strong year of communicating evidence-based research

19 October 2017

The Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) has today released its Annual Report 2016–17, which demonstrates the Institute’s achievements in providing timely, accurate and sound research to inform public policy.

Acting Director, Nicole Rose PSM said the 2016–17 results show the great work of the Institute, which achieved or exceeded all performance targets outlined for the year.

“This year, AIC researchers produced 71 research products, 32 of which are available free on the AIC’s website, further adding to the Institute’s collection of crime and justice research reports,” Ms Rose said.

Research topics included violent extremism, methamphetamine use, cannabis use, armed robbery, fraud, child exploitation material, human trafficking and slavery, homicide, bail support and procedural justice.

“A hallmark of the AIC’s research in 2016–17 was the launch of Crime Statistics Australia, a comprehensive online resource providing a one-stop-shop for current and trend data on Australian crime and justice datasets.

“In 2016–17, 34 per cent of the AIC’s research was used in government publications, and a further 16 per cent was used in parliamentary documents,” Ms Rose said.

“The year also saw strong recognition of the closer ties with the Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, with the AIC working closely with the ACIC on a range of projects associated with organised crime.

“Looking to 2017–18, research from the Institute will focus on improving criminal justice responses to family and domestic violence, exploring the futures of crime and justice, examining the links between volume crime and organised crime, and reducing demand for prison.

“The Australian Institute of Criminology had a strong year communicating evidence-based research to inform policy and practice in 2016–17.

“We look forward to another year of promoting justice and crime reduction strategies through the dissemination of timely, accurate and sound research on crime and justice issues in Australia,” Ms Rose said.

The Annual Report 2016–17 can be found on the AIC website.

WHO launches new violence prevention resource

Today, WHO releases the Violence Prevention Information System - "Violence Info" - a global interactive knowledge platform of scientific findings about the prevalence, consequences, causes and prevention of various forms of violence. The tool contains global, regional and national homicide rates from WHO Global Health Estimates, and country-specific information on laws, policies, strategies and victim services to prevent and respond to violence.

Globally, some 470 000 people are victims of homicide every year. Hundreds of millions more men, women, and children suffer non-fatal forms of violence, including child maltreatment, youth violence, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and elder abuse, with many suffering multiple forms.

Violence also contributes to leading causes of death such as cancer, heart disease and HIV/AIDS, because victims are at an increased risk of adopting behaviours such as smoking, alcohol and drug misuse, and unsafe sex. Beyond its impact on individual victims, violence also undermines the social and economic development of whole communities and societies.

"Violence often scars the lives of individuals for decades, as victims suffer from a wide range of health, social and economic problems," notes Dr Etienne Krug, Director, WHO Department for the Management of Noncommunicable Diseases, Disability, Violence and Injury Prevention. "Yet in recent decades, we have gained the knowledge about how violence can be predicted and prevented. Violence Info should help make this knowledge more easily and widely accessible."

Among the key measures to prevent violence are to:

• Promote education and life skills training

• Limit access to guns, knives, alcohol and drugs

• Support non-violent cultural and social norms

• Foster gender equality

• Provide victim identification and support programmes

• Create safe, stable relationships at home

• Avoid the harmful use of alcohol and drugs

Violence Info is presented at WHO's 8th Meeting on Milestones in a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention. The meeting convenes delegates from around 50 countries in Ottawa, Canada, with the aim of advancing violence prevention, in particular through implementation of policies and programmes to achieve related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets.

New course: Legal Psychology: Current Research

Michael Landzelius, Dr, Docent, Director/Föreståndare

Urban Safety and Societal Security Research Center (URBSEC)

University of Gothenburg

This course aimes at students with a solid background in Psychology at a bachelor's level, who are beginning or are currently studying at master´s level. This course is well-suited for students who are particularly interested in cutting-edge psychological research of relevance for the legal system, and especially students who have the ambition to move on to PhD-level studies.

◾The course is given at half speed, daytime. Language of instruction: English. ◾Last day of application: December 15, 2017: PX2104 Legal Psychology: Current Research, 15 credits, Second Cycle. (NB On this page it says last day of application October 16, but you will be able to apply until December 15.)

Notices of Supervision: guidance for youth justice professionals

From:Ministry of Justice, Youth Justice Board for England and Wales, and Her Majesty’s Prison and Probation Service

Published:4 October 2017

This guidance is for those who work in youth justice settings. It explains how to identify and apply for the requirements which are applied to Notices of Supervision.

It contains information on:

•when requirements can be applied to a Notice of Supervision

•how to decide whether the requirements are necessary and proportionate

•when licences apply to children and young people

•the difference between a Notice of Supervision and a licence

•the requirements that can be applied to Notices of Supervision

•standard requirements

•additional requirements

•Intensive Supervision and Surveillance (ISS) and Electronic Monitoring

•the circumstances when it might be applied to a Notice of Supervision

•how to submit a request for Notice of Supervision requirements

You should use it with the national standards for youth justice services and the case management guidance.

Female inmates that serve jail time with their babies significantly less likely to reoffend

September 15, 2017

by Candy Gibson

Women able to care for their infants while serving time in prison are significantly less likely to reoffend, according to a new report launched last night by a University of South Australia lawyer.

Presenting the case for a mother-and-infant facility to be built at Adelaide Women's Prison, UniSA law lecturer Juliette McIntyre says there are strong financial, social and emotional arguments for keeping female inmates close to their newborns.

"Not only are reoffending rates lower, but new mothers have the chance to learn parenting skills and to bond with their child. If those attachments are not formed, there are significant negative impacts for the child's future, including a higher risk of perpetuating a cycle of crime as teenagers and adults," McIntyre says. "Children have a fundamental right not to be separated from their parents."

The report, launched by the Women Lawyers' Association of South Australia, includes plans for a high-quality multipurpose family centre to complement the secure facilities at the Northfield Prison Complex on Grand Junction Road.

McIntyre says it would cost approximately $3.8 million to build and staff the facility, but much of this would be offset by savings in other areas.

"It costs around $92,000 each year to keep a person in jail in South Australia. Add to that the expense of out-of-home care for infants of female inmates and this blows out to more than $100,000 per annum," McIntyre says.

South Australia is the only state in Australia not to provide live-in accommodation for children of mothers in custody.

"This is despite leading the nation back in the 1990s when it established a mother and baby program at the Adelaide Women's Prison." The facility was closed due to lack of funding and pressure on bed space.

The majority of South Australia's female prison population are mothers, but current visiting hours at the Adelaide Women's Prison are restricted and permit a mother in custody to see her children for just a few hours per week; presuming the child is able to make the journey.

"The children of incarcerated mothers are the forgotten victims of crime," McIntyre says. "By establishing a mother-and-infant facility at Adelaide Women's Prison we can make great strides in bringing South Australia back into line with the nation and the world, and protecting the rights of children at the same time."

Violent extremism nourishes murderous acts of terrorism, says UNODC Chief at UNGA72 Event

During an event on the sidelines of the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly titled "Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism and the SDG Agenda", UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov said, "Violent extremism nourishes murderous acts of terrorism, undermines prison systems and weakens the security and safety of all our societies." adding that there is a need to "uphold fundamental human rights in criminal justice responses to terrorism."

Human trafficking laws must be utilized, UNODC Chief tells UN General Assembly

"Human trafficking is all around us, in all regions of the world," the UN Secretary-General Ant�nio Guterres said at a high-level meeting to assess the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons. UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov said: "We need governments to devote the needed resources to put laws into practice, to support victims, to train practitioners, and to enable inter-agency and cross-border cooperation."

How the UN's cybercrime unit is helping to track paedophiles and protect children

Adults posing as young people are using chat apps and social networks to befriend children with the goal of sexually exploiting them, but such abuse can be limited by educating children and their caregivers about the threats online, said Neil Walsh, the head of UNODC global cybercrime programme, adding that criminals are increasingly using newer technologies to evade police, so children need to be empowered to understand the risks.

Risk assessment the Dutch way: a scalable, easy to use tool for probation reports

An important task of a probation officer is to provide information to courts and prisons about the offender’s risk of doing harm, the risk of re-offending and to provide them with an appropriate risk management plan. To improve the process of making a report and to make it more efficient, the Dutch probation organisations have developed a new tool for making risk assessments and probation reports.

CEP and EuroPris workshop on Mental Health in Prison and Probation

The Confederation of European Probation (CEP) and EuroPris will organise a 1,5 day workshop on the 6th and 7th of December on Mental Health issues in Prison and Probation. The workshop is kindly hosted by the Irish Probation Service in Dublin. European prison and probation services nowadays are faced with large numbers of mentally ill people. The reduction of community mental health services all over Europe over the past several decades has led to the criminalisation of the mentally ill. The prevalence of various mental health problems among prisoners and probationers is considerably higher than in the community. The workshop will be a unique opportunity for practitioners in prison and probation to convene with peers and experts in the correctional settings. The workshop will address recent mental health care research as well as delivery and treatment in correctional settings. Identifying best practices in treatment in different jurisdictions, exchanging of ideas and discussing challenges to chronic and emerging issues will be an important part of the program. Delegates are expected to prepare adequately for active participation in the various parts of the programme.

11th European Electronic Monitoring Conference ‘Blurring boundaries: making and breaking connections’, Zagreb, Croatia

The 11th edition of the European Electronic Monitoring Conference ‘Blurring boundaries: making and breaking connections’ will be held in Zagreb, Croatia. The conference will take place from the 16th of April until the 18th of April 2018.

CoE online course on International Cooperation in Criminal Matters available!

The Council of Europe's Human Rights Education for Legal Professionals (HELP) programme and the Council of Europe’s Committee of Experts on the Operation of European Conventions on Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PC-OC), with the assistance of the European Judicial Training Network (EJTN), have developed a free online course on International Cooperation in Criminal Matters.

Updated Inventory of Evidence-Based, Research-Based, and Promising Practices: For Prevention and Intervention Services for Children and Juveniles in t

EBPI & WSIPP

September 2017 The 2012

Legislature passed E2SHB 2536 with the intention that “prevention and intervention services delivered to children and juveniles in the areas of mental health, child welfare, and juvenile justice be primarily evidence-based and research-based, and it is anticipated that such services will be provided in a manner that is culturally competent.”

The bill directs the Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP) and the University of Washington Evidence-Based Practice Institute (UW) to publish descriptive definitions and prepare an inventory of evidence-based, research-based, and promising practices and services, and to periodically update the inventory as more practices are identified. This is the seventh update to the September 30, 2012 publication. The accompanying report describes the inventory update process, as well as the ongoing technical assistance process by UW.

Cost of crime - towards a more harmonized, rational and humane criminal (justice) policy in Germany

Caroline Lieselotte von der Heyden

Ruhruniversität Bochum (RUB)

This book examines the tools and the mindset behind estimating the costs of crime and using cost-benefit-analysis (CBA) in criminal justice policy. In an era of “prevention”, there seems to be a growing interest in developing a more profound body of knowledge of cost and benefit figures on crime and crime prevention measures. The author derives a set of criteria from international research and practice, and she concludes with a set of recommendations on how to enhance this particular research branch in Germany. As she makes the case for standardized methodologies, she redirects the attention to the European cost of crime assessment model (MMECC), which has been developed as part of the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) supporting policy oriented research (2008). This scientific inventory addresses the topic from a criminological perspective, in order to facilitate the related discourse on evidence-based policy making in Germany, as well as to promote the discussion at European level.

Reflection on the 8th EUSPR Conference

The European Society for Prevention Research (EUSPR) promotes the development of prevention science, and its application to practice so as to promote human health and well-being through high quality research, evidence based interventions, policies and practices.

Society Treasurer, Andrew Brown, offers a personal reflection* of this year’s EUSPR conference

It’s so easy for all the great talks you hear at a multi-day conference like EUSPR’s annual get together to start to blur into each other, and that isn’t fair on the people who have presented. All of them have carefully thought through the things they want to say and have practiced their presentations numerous times before the moment comes. But as a participant it’s two full days (three if you’ve been to the pre-conference workshops) of concentration, conversation and (convivial) catching up.

So this – as I sit waiting for the plane back to London – is my attempt to capture some of the themes that stood out to me from our time in Vienna.

The first thing to say is just how much of an impact the paper chosen for last year’s President’s Award – ‘Dark logic’: theorising the harmful consequences of public health interventions – had on this year’s conference. There were numerous references and reflections that I heard over the last two days. It’s really clear that what Chris said to us in Berlin, and the way that he and his colleagues set out their arguments in the paper, have had a profound effect on a number of leading lights in the EUSPR.

It seemed to me that the concept of “dark logic” articulates something that the prevention scientists and practitioners who make up EUSPR’s membership had been waiting for someone to articulate. Of course all of us knew that there was the possibility of iatrogenic effects from interventions – Scared Straight is a salutary lesson for every programme developer. But this paper took us to a different level.

In conversation with numerous people over the last two days it’s come up as part of a conversation and I’ve tried to reflect on why that might have been. I went back to a talk given by Kasia Okulicz-Kozaryn in Paris a few years ago about why the Strengthening Families intervention hadn’t worked in her native Poland. In my mind at least that talk opened up a stream of reflective and subtle conversations about what was going on in well evidenced programmes that we took out of their original settings and found didn’t perform as well as might have been hoped for.

So this year, whether it was Rosaria Galanti saying that we should never put together a logic model that doesn’t include dark logic ever again, or Nick Axford talking about how they’d used the concept to help practitioners to think through why an intervention hadn’t had the intended outcome, it was never far from our minds.

The second big idea that I think will stick with people is around the idea of a culture of prevention, as articulated by Harry Sumnall, but touched on by a number of speakers. Harry suggests that we need to think more about what the idea of a prevention culture might look like as it has profound effects on how interventions are conceived and implemented. A number of presentations by practitioners that I saw also touched on this indirectly; talking about the need to build a culture of advocacy for prevention. For example Rachele Donini and Marian Quinn gave contrasting presentations reflecting on the lack of that advocacy at a European level and what a difference it made in Ireland, respectively.

There’s also a cross over to the talk that Carl May made which walked us through Normalisation Process Theory and what it can bring to understanding what happens when we move from testing an intervention to implementing it. He argued that by understanding implementation processes we move towards changing what people do (rather than what they believe); we can change the rules, resources and relationships that we bring together to mobilise action; and we can appreciate action in context (where context is dynamic rather than obdurate obstacles). I took this to mean that we should try to develop our understanding of how people impact on our interventions and work with that rather than trying to remove human agency.

Kathryn Oliver’s keynote talk asked us to think about different perspectives on outcomes and how that impacts on prevention policy. She pointed out that the intentions of policy makers and the environment into which interventions are introduced may contribute to their success or failure. She also emphasised that that actors in the process may weigh outcomes quite differently. As with other talks, Kathryn explored unexpected outcomes some of which may be deeply harmful to recipients of interventions.

Nick Axford had four reflections on the conference (over on Twitter) which I’d echo. He says he saw: 

  • lots on complexity for example multiple interacting factors contributing to problems and success or otherwise of prevention efforts; 
  • a big emphasis on prevention systems – though discrete interventions are an important part of those systems; 
  • more awareness of capacity of prevention efforts to harm, and the importance of measuring, averting and mitigating this; and 
  • a recognition that we need to think more about scale – designing it into prevention interventions from start or improving services are already scaled.

Personally, I also had some great and wide ranging conversations: with Frederick Groeger-Roth about the second life of evidence based registries; Henrik Jungaberle about popularising prevention; Hanno Petras and Michael Marks about Social Impact Bonds and dynamic systems; Paul Weaver about crypto currency and timebanks as an addendum to our welfare system; Simon Moore about data lakes; Pierre Arwidson about One You; and Larissa Sandoval about cultural adaptation, love and boundaries.

So I come home tired, but exhilarated by the state of our Society and wanting more of the stimulation that meeting with friends and colleagues at EUSPR always brings out. Roll on next year! *This blog represents Andrew’s personal views only, and not that of his employer(s)

ACUNS: 2018 Annual Meeting – Human Rights, Migration, and Global Governance

July 12–14, 2018

Luiss University, Rome

Italy Human Rights, Migration, and Global Governance For Secretary-General António Guterres, who was the High Commissioner for Refugees for a decade (2005–2015) before being elected to lead the UN, one of the most pressing issues currently facing the world body is the large-scale voluntary and involuntary (forced) movement of people across borders. While 2018 marks the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, political, economic, and environmental dysfunction and collapse in their own countries has driven a record high number of people to seek a safer or better life elsewhere. Equally present especially in the West, have been counter-reactions to immigration based on political, social, economic, and security concerns. One reason the United Kingdom is leaving the European Union, with Prime Minister Theresa May triggering “Brexit”, is because of voters’ concerns over the perceived threat of uncontrollable migration. President Trump likewise won office in the US election in part by appealing to many American voters’ fears of immigrants – whether from Mexico (the ‘wall’) or from conflict zones such as Syria.

The global governance and human rights issues in this contemporary era are manifest and complex. The Sustainable Development Goals will be impossible to achieve in the context of state failure, political conflicts, major climate disruptions, and mass population displacements. The rights of citizens also must be balanced against the rights of those fleeing persecution and desperation; more often, the latter are disregarded as populist movements refocus national discourses away from cosmopolitan ideals. These complex ‘wicked problems’ present severe contemporary challenges for the institutions, as well as the idea (and ideals), of global governance.

RAN: Practitioners working in prisons and probation deal with people who have acted on a violent extremist ideology, as well as individuals at risk of

Practitioners working in prisons and probation deal with people who have acted on a violent extremist ideology, as well as individuals at risk of radicalisation. Arrests on suspicion of Jihadist terrorism account for the largest proportion of arrests in the EU in recent years.

Prison and probation interventions aim to ensure security and safety (for the offender(s) in question, staff, other offenders and society at large), and to support offender rehabilitation and reintegration into society.

This approach is based on the following principles:

◾offenders' well-being and rehabilitation must be promoted to ensure safety; ◾individuals sentenced for terrorist acts do not all pose the same risk to society;

◾offenders are capable of positive change, and need support to disengage from extremism;

◾universal human rights must be upheld at all times;

◾positive staff-prisoner relationships and healthy prison settings are important; ◾multi-agency cooperation is crucial.

UNODC: Standards & Norms on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

UNODC develops tools for stakeholders to assist States in the implementation of the UN standards and norms. They include a variety of handbooks, training curriculums and model laws which provide guidance to United Nations agencies, governments and individuals at each stage of criminal justice reform.

•The 2016 version of the Compendium of United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice is available here in English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish.

The 2006 version of the Compendium is also available in Portuguese and Farsi, however, please note the Portuguese and Farsi versions are not official UN translations.

•UN standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice for Peacekeepers English, French, Spanish

•UN Criminal Justice Standards for UN police English, French

•Addendum to the Standards of Professional Responsibilities and Statement of the Essential Duties and Rights of Prosecutors: Compilation of comments received from Member States, English

•Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish

•United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-Custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules) English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish

•United Nations Principles and Guidelines on Access to Legal Aid in Criminal Justice Systems English, Arabic, French, Chinese, Russian, Spanish

•UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules) Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish, Portuguese, Finnish, German NEW!

October is CyberSecMonth

1st –Cyber Security is a Shared Responsibility ENISASTOP. THINK. CONNECT. ECSM is the EU’s annual awareness campaign that takes place each October across Europe. The aim is to raise awareness of cyber security threats, promote cyber security among citizens and organizations; and provide resources to protect themselves online, through education and sharing of good practices 31st October 2017